Critical analysis of the European Union directive which regulates the use of biofuels: An approach to the Spanish case

Hernández Sobrino, Fernando and Rodríguez Monroy, Carlos and Hernández Pérez, José Luis (2010). Critical analysis of the European Union directive which regulates the use of biofuels: An approach to the Spanish case. "Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews", v. 14 (n. 2); pp. 772-780. ISSN 1364-0321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.10.021.

Description

Title: Critical analysis of the European Union directive which regulates the use of biofuels: An approach to the Spanish case
Author/s:
  • Hernández Sobrino, Fernando
  • Rodríguez Monroy, Carlos
  • Hernández Pérez, José Luis
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews
Date: February 2010
Volume: 14
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Hydrogen; Biofuel; Renewable energy; Fuel cell; Automotive industry
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería de Organización, Administración de Empresas y Estadística
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

In recent times, the global debate on the environment has been centered on CO2 emissions. This gas is the major cause of the “greenhouse effect” and people are more concerned with the idea that the emissions of this gas should be minimized. As a result of this concern, the Kyoto Protocol was enacted and subscribed to by many countries, setting the maximum gas emissions for them. Fossil fuels are a major source of CO2 emissions. For some years now The European Union has been seeking to promote some years now the use of biofuels as substitutes for diesel or petrol for transport purposes. As a result of this policy, in 2003 the European Union (EU) Directive 2003/30/EC [1] was developed with the aim of promoting the use of biofuels as a substitute for diesel or gasoline among European Union countries as well as to contribute to fulfilling the commitments acquired on climate change, security of supply in environmentally friendly conditions and the promotion of renewable energy sources. In order to achieve these goals, the directive forces all EU members to ensure that before December 31 of 2010 at least 5.75% of all gasoline and diesel fuels sold for transport purposes are biofuels. European Union countries have social and economic characteristics unique to themselves. The energy dependence on foreign sources, the features of the agricultural sector or the degree of industrialization varies greatly from one country to another. In this context, it is questionable whether the obligation imposed by this directive is actually achieving in its application uniform and/or identical goals in each of the countries involved and whether the actions of the various governments are also aligned with these goals. All these ideas were developed in a previous report (Sobrino and Monroy (2009) [2]). This report examines the possibility of using hydrogen as an alternative to fossil fuels and biofuels from a technical, economic and environmental point of view in the specific case of a European Union country: Spain.

More information

Item ID: 10128
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/10128/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:10128
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2009.10.021
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032109002524
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 23 Jan 2012 11:04
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2017 09:52
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