Critical analysis of the European Union directive which regulates the use of biofuels: An approach to the Spanish case.

Hernández Sobrino, Fernando (2009). Critical analysis of the European Union directive which regulates the use of biofuels: An approach to the Spanish case.. "Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews", v. 13 (n. 9); pp. 2675-2681. ISSN 1364-0321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.05.003.

Descripción

Título: Critical analysis of the European Union directive which regulates the use of biofuels: An approach to the Spanish case.
Autor/es:
  • Hernández Sobrino, Fernando
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Fecha: Diciembre 2009
Volumen: 13
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Ethanol; Bioethanol; Biofuel; Citric waste; EU directive 2003/30/EC
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería de Organización, Administración de Empresas y Estadística
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

For more than a decade we have lived in a period where the so-called “sustainability” is crucial and is motivated primarily by the social awareness of achieving a balance between human development and the conservation of the environment. This philosophy has a direct and inevitable impact on business and politics. Governments have long since been developing standards and encouraging various diverse initiatives whose aim is to defend the environment. In recent times, the global debate on the environment has been centred on CO2 emissions. This gas is the major cause of the “greenhouse effect” and people are more concerned with the idea that the emissions of this gas should be minimized. As a result of this concern, the Kyoto Protocol was enacted and subscribed to by many countries, setting the maximum gas emissions for them. Fossil fuels are a major source of CO2 emissions. In 2003 the European Union (EU) directive 2003/30/EC [2003/30/EC Directive of the European Parliament and the Council—8th may 2003. On the promotion of the use of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport] was developed with the aim of promoting the use of biofuels as a substitute for diesel or petrol among European Union countries as well as to contribute to fulfilling the commitments on climate change, security of supply in environmentally friendly conditions and the promotion of renewable energy sources. In order to achieve these goals, the directive forces all EU members to ensure that at least 5.75% of all petrol and diesel fuels sold for transport purposes are biofuels before December 31 of 2010. European Union countries have social and economic characteristics unique to themselves. The energy dependence from foreign sources, the features of the agricultural sector or the degree of industrialization varies greatly from one country to another. In this context, it is questionable whether the obligation imposed by this directive applies to achieve uniform and/or identical goals in each of the countries involved and whether the actions of the various governments are also aligned with these goals.

Más información

ID de Registro: 10255
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/10255/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:10255
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2009.05.003
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 13 Feb 2012 13:02
Ultima Modificación: 20 Abr 2016 18:29
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