Offshore Wind Farms: Foundations and influence on the Littoral Processes

Esteban Pérez, María Dolores and López Gutiérrez, José Santos and Diez Gonzalez, Jose Javier and Negro Valdecantos, Vicente (2011). Offshore Wind Farms: Foundations and influence on the Littoral Processes. "Journal of Coastal Research", v. SI64 (n. ICS2011); pp. 656-660. ISSN 0749-0208.

Description

Title: Offshore Wind Farms: Foundations and influence on the Littoral Processes
Author/s:
  • Esteban Pérez, María Dolores
  • López Gutiérrez, José Santos
  • Diez Gonzalez, Jose Javier
  • Negro Valdecantos, Vicente
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Coastal Research
Date: May 2011
ISSN: 0749-0208
Volume: SI64
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Ordenación del Territorio, Urbanismo y Medio Ambiente [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Offshore wind farms are beginning to form part of coastal and marine landscapes located in dynamic surroundings. An integral management model must therefore be applied to achieve not only technical and economic viability of the project but also respect for the environment. Amongst other aspects, the latter calls for an analysis of the possible impact these facilities may have on littoral processes and this requires the differences between littoral processes prior and subsequent to the facility’s construction to be known. The maritime climate, the composition of the coast, lay-out distribution and characteristics of the facility’s components need to be known, particularly foundations as they are the main obstacles waves and currents meet. This article first addresses different aspects related to an offshore wind farm’s influence on the analysis of how it affects littoral dynamics and, because of their importance in this study, pays special attention to foundations. Coastal erosion due to this type of facility is then examined. The main conclusion of this article is that, whilst there are certain opinions claiming the coast is not affected by the presence of this kind of facility since the distance from location to coast and between wind turbine generators themselves is long, the impact must be analysed in each specific case, at least until experience proves otherwise and criteria are adopted in this respect.

More information

Item ID: 11173
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/11173/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:11173
Official URL: http://www.jcronline.org/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 08 Mar 2013 08:37
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 19:19
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