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Using Clouds to Scale Grid Resources: An Economic Model
Rodero Merino, Luis and Caron, Eddy and Muresan, Adrian and Desprez, Frédéric
Using Clouds to Scale Grid Resources: An Economic Model.
"Future Generation Computer Systems-the International Journal of Grid Computing-Theory Methods And Applications", v. 28
Infrastructure as a Service clouds are a flexible and fast way to obtain (virtual) resources as demand varies. Grids, on the other hand, are middleware platforms able to combine resources from different administrative domains for task execution. Clouds can be used by grids as providers of devices such as virtual machines, so they only use the resources they need. But this requires grids to be able to decide when to allocate and release those resources. Here we introduce and analyze by simulations an economic mechanism (a) to set resource prices and (b) resolve when to scale resources depending on the users’ demand. This system has a strong emphasis on fairness, so no user hinders the execution of other users’ tasks by getting too many resources.
Our simulator is based on the well-known GridSim software for grid simulation, which we expand to simulate infrastructure clouds. The results show how the proposed system can successfully adapt the amount of allocated resources to the demand, while at the same time ensuring that resources are fairly shared among users.
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