Evaluation of the influence of toll systems on energy consumption and CO2 emissions: A case study of a Spanish highway

Pérez Martínez, Pedro and Ming, D. and Dell Asin, Giulia and Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés (2011). Evaluation of the influence of toll systems on energy consumption and CO2 emissions: A case study of a Spanish highway. "Journal of King Saud University - Science", v. 23 (n. 3); pp. 301-310. ISSN 1018-3639. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2010.12.006.

Description

Title: Evaluation of the influence of toll systems on energy consumption and CO2 emissions: A case study of a Spanish highway
Author/s:
  • Pérez Martínez, Pedro
  • Ming, D.
  • Dell Asin, Giulia
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of King Saud University - Science
Date: July 2011
ISSN: 1018-3639
Volume: 23
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Energy efficiency; Toll management systems; Highway transportation; Spain
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This paper studies the energy consumption and subsequent CO2 emissions of road highway transportation under three toll systems in Spain for four categories of vehicles: cars, vans, buses and articulated trucks. The influence of toll systems is tested for a section of AP-41 highway between Toledo and Madrid. One system is free flow, other is traditional stop and go and the last toll system operates with an electronic toll collection (ETC) technology. Energy consumption and CO2 emissions were found to be closely related to vehicle mass, wind exposure, engine efficiency and acceleration rate. These parameters affect, directly or indirectly, the external forces which determine the energy consumption. Reducing the magnitude of these forces through an appropriate toll management is an important way of improving the energy performance of vehicles. The type of toll system used can have a major influence on the energy efficiency of highway transportation and therefore it is necessary to consider free flow.

More information

Item ID: 11301
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/11301/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:11301
DOI: 10.1016/j.jksus.2010.12.006
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 30 Jul 2012 09:52
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 19:25
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