Assessment of the effects of ozone exposure and plant competition on the reproductive ability of three therophytic clover species from Iberian pastures

Gimeno, Benjamín and Bermejo, V. and Sanz, J. and Torre Llorente, Daniel de la and Gil, J.M. (2004). Assessment of the effects of ozone exposure and plant competition on the reproductive ability of three therophytic clover species from Iberian pastures. "Atmospheric Environment", v. 38 (n. 15); pp. 2295-2303. ISSN 1352-2310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.10.062.

Description

Title: Assessment of the effects of ozone exposure and plant competition on the reproductive ability of three therophytic clover species from Iberian pastures
Author/s:
  • Gimeno, Benjamín
  • Bermejo, V.
  • Sanz, J.
  • Torre Llorente, Daniel de la
  • Gil, J.M.
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Atmospheric Environment
Date: May 2004
ISSN: 1352-2310
Volume: 38
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Department: Biología Vegetal [hasta 2014]
UPM's Research Group: LPF-TAGRALIA
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Ozone (O3) phytototoxicity has been reported on a wide range of crops and wild Central European plantspecies, however no information has been provided regarding the sensitivity of plantspecies from dehesa Mediterranean therophytic grasslands in spite of their great plantspecies richness and the high O3 levels that are recorded in this area. A study was carried out in open-top chambers (OTCs) to assess the effects of O3 and competition on the reproductiveability of threecloverspecies: Trifolium cherleri, Trifolium subterraneum and Trifolium striatum. A phytometer approach was followed, therefore plants of these species were grown in mesoscosms composed of monocultures of four plants of each species, of threeplants of each species competing against a Briza maxima individual or of a single plant of each cloverspecies competing with threeB. maximaplants. Three O3 treatments were adopted: charcoal filtered air (CFA), non-filtered air (NFA) and non-filtered air supplemented with 40 nl l−1 of O3 (NFA+). The different mesocosms were exposed to the different O3 treatments for 45 days and then they remained in the open. Ozoneexposure caused reductions in the flower biomass of the threecloverspecies assessed. In the case of T. cherleri and T. subterraneum this effect was found following their exposure to the different O3 treatments during their vegetative period. An attenuation of these effects was found when the plants remained in the open. Ozone-induced detrimental effects on the seed output of T. striatum were also observed. The flower biomass of the cloverplants grown in monocultures was greater than when competing with one or threeB. maxima individuals. An increased flower biomass was found in the CFA monoculture mesocosms of T. cherleri when compared with the remaining mesocosms, once the plants were exposed in the open for 60 days. The implications of these effects on the performance of dehesa acid grasslands and for the definition of O3 critical levels is discussed

More information

Item ID: 11418
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/11418/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:11418
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.10.062
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 24 Jul 2012 12:28
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 19:30
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