Malinowski, Pawel E. and Duboz, Jean-Yves and Moor, Piet de and Minoglou, Kyriaki and John, Joachim and Horcajo, Sara Martin and Semond, Fabrice and Frayssinet, Eric and Verhoeve, Peter and Esposito, Marco and Giordanengo, Boris and BenMoussa, Ali and Mertens, Robert and Van Hoof, Chris
Extreme ultraviolet detection using AlGaN-on-Si inverted Schottky photodiodes.
"Applied Physics Letters", v. 98
We report on the fabrication of aluminum gallium nitride (AlGaN) Schottky diodes for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) detection. AlGaN layers were grown on silicon wafers by molecular beam epitaxy with the conventional and inverted Schottky structure, where the undoped, active layer was grown before or after the n-doped layer, respectively. Different current mechanisms were observed in the two structures. The inverted Schottky diode was designed for the optimized backside sensitivity in the hybrid imagers. A cut-off wavelength of 280 nm was observed with three orders of magnitude intrinsic rejection ratio of the visible radiation. Furthermore, the inverted structure was characterized using a EUV source based on helium discharge and an open electrode design was used to improve the sensitivity. The characteristic He I and He II emission lines were observed at the wavelengths of 58.4 nm and 30.4 nm, respectively, proving the feasibility of using the inverted layer stack for EUV detection