Environmental assay on the effect of poultry manure application on soil organisms in agroecosystems

Delgado Arroyo, Maria del Mar and Rodriguez, Carmen and Martin, Jose Valero and Miralles de Imperial, Rosario and Alonso Peralta, Francisco (2012). Environmental assay on the effect of poultry manure application on soil organisms in agroecosystems. "Science of The Total Environment", v. 416 (n. 1); pp. 532-535. ISSN 0048-9697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.11.047.

Description

Title: Environmental assay on the effect of poultry manure application on soil organisms in agroecosystems
Author/s:
  • Delgado Arroyo, Maria del Mar
  • Rodriguez, Carmen
  • Martin, Jose Valero
  • Miralles de Imperial, Rosario
  • Alonso Peralta, Francisco
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Science of The Total Environment
Date: February 2012
Volume: 416
Subjects:
Faculty: E.U.I.T. Agrícolas (UPM)
Department: Ciencia y Tecnología Aplicadas a la Ingeniería Técnica Agrícola [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This paper reports the effects produced on the organisms of the soil (plants, invertebrates and microorganisms), after the application of two types of poultry manure (sawdust and straw bed) on an agricultural land. The test was made using a terrestrial microcosm, Multi-Species Soil System (MS3) developed in INIA. There was no difference in the germination for any of the three species of plants considered in the study. The biomass was increased in the wheat (Triticum aestivum) coming from ground treated with both kinds of poultry manure. Oilseed rape (Brasica rapa) was not affected and regarding vetch (Vicia sativa) only straw poultry manure showed significant difference. For length only Vicia sativa was affected showing a reduction when straw was exposed to poultry manure. When the effect on invertebrates was studied, we observed a reduction in the number of worms during the test, especially from the ground control (13.7%), higher than in the ground with sawdust poultry manure (6.7%), whereas in the ground with straw poultry manure, there was no reduction. The biomass was affected and at the end of the test it was observed that while the reduction of worms in the ground control was about 48%, the number of those that were in the ground with sawdust poultry manure or straw poultry manure decreased by 41% and 22% respectively. Finally, the effects on microorganisms showed that the enzymatic activities: dehydrogenase (DH) and phosphatase and basal respiration rate increased at the beginning of the test, and the differences were statistically significant compared with the values of the control group. During the test, all these parameters decreased (except DH activities) but they were always higher than in the ground control. This is why it is possible to deduce that the contribution of poultry manure caused an improvement in the conditions of fertilization and also for the soil.

More information

Item ID: 12072
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/12072/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:12072
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.11.047
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 14 Sep 2012 09:24
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2016 11:14
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