Bermúdez de Castro López Varela, Alfredo and Ferrín, J.L. and Liñán Martínez, Amable
The modelling of the generation of volátiles, H2 and CO, and their simultaneous diffusion controlled oxidation, in pulverized coal furnaces.
"Combustion Theory and Modelling", v. 11
The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the mathematical modelling of the combustión of coal particles in pulverized coal furnaces. The model deals with the gas and solid phases of the flow. For the coal particles a Lagrangian description is used, taking into account the simultaneous processes of moisture evaporation and devolatilization together with the heterogeneous gasification reactions of the char.
An Eulerian description will be used for the distributions of temperature and concentrations in the gas phase, with the effect of the particles represented by volumetric sources of heat, mass and momentum. The gas phase oxidation reactions of the volátiles, H2 and CO will be modelled using
the assumption of infinitely fast rates; the Burke-Schumann analysis will be generalized to account for the competition for oxygen of CO, H2 and the volátiles. These reactions may occur, in the form of group combustión, in a gaseous thin diffusion fíame separating a región without oxygen, where
the coal particles genérate volátiles, H2 and CO, from a región with oxygen, where the reactions may occur inside the particles or, outside, in diffusion flames surrounding the individual particles, even though for small particle sizes the gas phase reactions can be considered as frozen near the particles.
The analysis will provide relations for the volumetric soürces appearing in the gas phase description, and for the rates that determine the evolution of the temperature and mass content of moisture, volátiles and char in the particles.