Effect of different exercise modalities plus a hypocaloric diet on inflammation markers in overweight patients

Loria-Kohen, Viviana; Fernández Fernández, Celia; Bermejo, Laura M.; Morencos Martínez, Esther; Romero Moraleda, Blanca y Gomez Candela, C. (2012). Effect of different exercise modalities plus a hypocaloric diet on inflammation markers in overweight patients. "Clinical Nutrition" ; pp. 13-17. ISSN 0261-5614. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2012.10.015.

Descripción

Título: Effect of different exercise modalities plus a hypocaloric diet on inflammation markers in overweight patients
Autor/es:
  • Loria-Kohen, Viviana
  • Fernández Fernández, Celia
  • Bermejo, Laura M.
  • Morencos Martínez, Esther
  • Romero Moraleda, Blanca
  • Gomez Candela, C.
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Clinical Nutrition
Fecha: Noviembre 2012
Materias:
Escuela: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Departamento: Salud y Rendimiento Humano
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Summary Background & aims Inflammation markers (IM) have been associated with the development of chronic diseases. This study compares the effects on IM of three exercise programs combined with a hypocaloric diet. Methods 119 overweight participants (73 women, 46 men) aged 18–50 years were randomised into four treatment groups: strength training (S; n = 30), endurance training (E; n = 30), combined S + E (SE; n = 30), and a diet and physical activity recommendations group (D; n = 29). Energy intake, anthropometric variables (AV), training variables (VO2peak, strength index, dynamometric strength index [DSI]) and plasma IM were recorded at baseline and after 22 weeks of treatment. Results 84 participants completed the study. At 22 weeks, all groups showed a significantly reduced energy intake (P < 0.001) and improved AV (P < 0.001). VO2peak significantly increased in all groups (P < 0.01). DSI increased in the exercise groups only (P < 0.05). Plasma leptin fell significantly (P < 0.001) in the S and E groups, but not significantly in the SE group (P = 0.029) (no significant differences between these groups). Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations decreased in all groups when examined together, but not when examined separately. No significant differences were seen in interleukin-6 (IL-6). Conclusions Combining strength or endurance training with a hypocaloric diet improved AV and reduced plasma leptin concentrations. No differences were seen between groups in terms of TNF-α, IL-6 or CRP reduction. This trial was registered at clinical trials.gov as NCT01116856. http://clinicaltrials.gov/.

Más información

ID de Registro: 13934
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/13934/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:13934
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2012.10.015
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 21 Dic 2012 11:48
Ultima Modificación: 21 Abr 2016 13:22
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