Meteocean Influence on Inland and Coastal Floods in the East of Spain

Diez Gonzalez, Jose Javier; Esteban Pérez, María Dolores; López Gutiérrez, José Santos y Negro Valdecantos, Vicente (2013). Meteocean Influence on Inland and Coastal Floods in the East of Spain. "Journal of Coastal Research", v. 29 (n. 6a); pp. 72-80. ISSN 0749-0208.


Título: Meteocean Influence on Inland and Coastal Floods in the East of Spain
  • Diez Gonzalez, Jose Javier
  • Esteban Pérez, María Dolores
  • López Gutiérrez, José Santos
  • Negro Valdecantos, Vicente
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Coastal Research
Fecha: 2013
Volumen: 29
Palabras Clave Informales: Cold drop, Santa Irene flood, coastal flood, marine flood, Tous dam collapse, maritime weather, storm surge, set-up, cyclones, sea level.
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Ordenación del Territorio, Urbanismo y Medio Ambiente [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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The Santa Irene flood, at the end of October 1982, is one of the most dramatically and widely reported flood events in Spain. Its renown is mainly attributable to the collapse of the Tous dam, but its main message is to be the paradigm of the incidence of the maritime/littoral weather and its temporal sea-level rise on the coastal plains inland floods. The Santa Irene flood was attributable to a meteorological phenomenon known as gota fría (cold drop), a relatively frequent and intense rainy phenomenon on the Iberian Peninsula, particularly on the Spanish E to SE inlands and coasts. There are some circumstances that can easily come together to unleash the cold drop there: cold and dry polar air masses coming onto the whole Iberian Peninsula and the north of Africa, high sea-water temperatures, and low atmospheric pressure (cyclone) areas in the western Mediterranean basin; these circumstances are quite common during the autumn and, as it happens, in other places around the world (E/SE Africa). Their occurrence, however, shows a great space-temporal variability (in a similar way to hurricanes on Caribbean and western North Atlantic areas or also in a similar way to typhoons). In fact, all of these are equivalent, although different, phenomena, able to have a different magnitude each time. This paper describes the results of a detailed analysis and reflection about this cold drop phenomenon as a whole, on the generation of its rains, and on the different natures and consequences of its flood. This paper also explains the ways in which the nearby maritime weather and the consequential sea level govern floods on different zones of any hydrographical basin. The Santa Irene case can be considered as a paradigm to explain the influence of nearby maritime climatic conditions on flooding phenomena not only in coastal but also in upward inland areas.

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ID de Registro: 15248
Identificador DC:
Identificador OAI:
Identificador DOI: 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-11-00226.1
URL Oficial:
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 18 Dic 2013 16:22
Ultima Modificación: 22 Sep 2014 11:07
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