Beitrag zur Entwicklung der Querschnittsgestaltung im Verbundbrückenbau

Bernabeu Larena, Alejandro y Bernabeu Larena, Jorge (2011). Beitrag zur Entwicklung der Querschnittsgestaltung im Verbundbrückenbau. "Stahlbau", v. null (n. null); pp. 185-197. ISSN 0038-9145.

Descripción

Título: Beitrag zur Entwicklung der Querschnittsgestaltung im Verbundbrückenbau
Autor/es:
  • Bernabeu Larena, Alejandro
  • Bernabeu Larena, Jorge
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Stahlbau
Fecha: 2011
Volumen: null
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Departamento: Estructuras de Edificación [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Die grafische Darstellung des Verbundquerschnittes mit einer oberen Betonplatte und einem darunter liegenden Stahlträger war seit seiner Vorstellung in den 1950er Jahren ein Symbol, das weit über die Theorie hinausging und weite Verbreitung in der Praxis des Verbundbrückenbaus fand. Seit den 1970er bzw. 1980er Jahren hat dieses Bild – bedingt durch neue und freiere Formen, Beton und Stahl miteinander zu kombinieren – seine Symbolhaftigkeit verloren. In Deutschland und Spanien wurde der Doppelverbund mit unten liegenden Betonplatten in Bereichen mit negativen Momenten eingeführt, in Frankreich werden Stahlträger auch in vorgespannten Betonquerschnitten eingebettet. Beide Ansätze haben dazu beigetragen, dass in der Gegenwart die Materialien Stahl und Beton im Verbundbau frei miteinander kombiniert werden können. On the development of sections in composite bridges. A comprehensive theory of composite construction was established in Germany by Sattler in 1953. The theoretical image of the composite section with a superior concrete slab and a lower metallic structure was shaped in addition to the analytical resolution. Theory and graphical representation were going to be known together in Europe. This figure was repeated in all theoretical and academic publications, so becoming an authentic icon of the composite section. Its translation to the bridge deck in flexion was obvious: the superior slab defines the tread platform, while the metallic structure was left off-hook at the bottom. Nevertheless, in continuous decks the section is not optimal at all in zones of negative bending moments. But the overcoming of the graphical representation of the theory did not happen immediately. It was produced after a process in which several European countries played an active role and where different mechanisms of technological transference were developed. One approach to this overcoming is the “double composite action”, with a lower concrete slab in areas of a negative bending moment. The first accomplishments, a bridge in Orasje built in 1968 with 134 m span, as well as the publications of the system proposed by Fabrizio de Miranda in 1971 did not extend nor had continuity. Spanish bridges by Fernández Ordoñez and Martínez Calzón used double composite action for the first time in 1979. The German team of Leonhard, Andrä und partners, has used it since the end of the 1980's to solve bridges of great span. Once the technology has been well known thanks to the ASCE International Congress and the Spanish International Meetings organised by the “Colegio de Ingenieros de Caminos”, double composite action has been integrated well into the structural vocabulary everywhere. In France the approach was different. What Michel Virlogeux calls “double floor composite section” was reached as an evolution of prestressed concrete bridges. In an experimental process widely known, the external prestressing allows weight reduction by diminishing the thickness of the concrete webs. The following step, in the 1980's, was the substitution of the webs by metallic elements: stiffened plates, trusses or folded plates. A direct result of this development is the Brass de la Plaine Bridge in the Reunion Island in 2001 with 280 m span. Both approaches have contributed to a freedom of design in composite construction in steel and concrete today.

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Ultima Modificación: 06 Jun 2016 11:07
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