X-Ray Diffraction, Calorimetric and Dielectric Relaxation Study of the Amorphous and Smectic States of a Main Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymer

Encinar, Mario and Martínez-Gomez, Aranzazu and G. Rubio, Ramon and Perez, Ernesto and Bello, Antonio and González Prolongo, Margarita (2012). X-Ray Diffraction, Calorimetric and Dielectric Relaxation Study of the Amorphous and Smectic States of a Main Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymer. "The Journal of Physical Chemistry B", v. 116 ; pp. 9846-9559. ISSN 1089-5647. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp305907u.

Description

Title: X-Ray Diffraction, Calorimetric and Dielectric Relaxation Study of the Amorphous and Smectic States of a Main Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymer
Author/s:
  • Encinar, Mario
  • Martínez-Gomez, Aranzazu
  • G. Rubio, Ramon
  • Perez, Ernesto
  • Bello, Antonio
  • González Prolongo, Margarita
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: The Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Date: 2012
ISSN: 1089-5647
Volume: 116
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM)
Department: Materiales y Producción Aeroespacial
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Los polímeros cristales líquidos (LCP) son sistemas complejos que forman mesofases que presentan orden orientacional y polímeros amorfos. Con frecuencia, el estado amorfo isotrópico no puede ser estudiado debido a la rápida formación de mesofases. En este trabajo se ha sintetizado y estudiado un nuevo LCP: poli(trietilenglicol metil p, p '-bibenzoato), PTEMeB. Este polímero presenta una formación de mesofase bastante lenta haciendo posible estudiar de forma independiente tanto los estados amorfo y de cristal líquidos. La estructura y las transiciones de fase del PTEMeB han sido investigados por calorimetría (DSC), con MAXS / WAXS con temperatura variable que emplean radiación de sincrotrón y con difracción de rayos X. Estos estudios han mostrado la existencia de dos transiciones vítreas, relacionadas con las fases amorfa y cristal líquido. Se ha realizado un estudio de relajación dieléctrica en amplios intervalos de temperatura y presión. Se ha encontrado que la transición vítrea dinámica de la fase amorfa es más lenta que la del cristal líquido. El estudio de la relajación ? nos ha permitido seguir la formación isoterma de la mesofase a presión atmosférica. Además, con el estudio el comportamiento dinámico a alta presión se ha encontrado que se produce la formación rápida de la mesofase inducida por cambios bruscos de presión. Liquid crystalline polymers (LCPs) are complex systems that include features of both orientationally ordered mesophases and amorphous polymers. Frequently, the isotropic amorphous state cannot be studied due to the rapid mesophase formation. Here, a new main chain LCP, poly(triethyleneglycol methyl p,p'-bibenzoate), PTEMeB, has been synthesized. It shows a rather slow mesophase formation making possible to study independently both the amorphous and the liquid crystalline states. The structure and phase transitions of PTEMeB have been investigated by calorimetry, variable-temperature MAXS/WAXS employing synchrotron radiation, and X-ray diffraction in oriented fibers. These experiments have pointed out the presence of two glass transitions, related to the amorphous or to the liquid crystal phases. Additionally, the mesophase seems to be a coexistence of orthogonal and tilted smectic phases. A dielectric relaxation study of PTEMeB over broad ranges of temperature and pressure has been performed. The dynamic glass transition turns out to be slower for the amorphous state than for the liquid crystal. Monitoring of the α relaxation has allowed us to follow the isothermal mesophase formation at atmospheric pressure. Additionally, the dynamical behavior at high pressures has pointed out the fast formation of the mesophase induced by sudden pressure changes.

More information

Item ID: 16094
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/16094/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:16094
DOI: 10.1021/jp305907u
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 05 Nov 2014 18:40
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2014 18:40
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