Search for items in this repository.
Two-dimensional plasma expansion in a magnetic nozzle: Separation due to electron inertia
Ahedo Galilea, Eduardo and Merino, Mario
Two-dimensional plasma expansion in a magnetic nozzle: Separation due to electron inertia.
"Physics of Plasmas", v. 19
A previous axisymmetric model of the supersonic expansion of a collisionless, hot plasma in a divergent magnetic nozzle is extended here in order to include electron-inertia effects. Up to dominant order on all components of the electron velocity, electron momentum equations still reduce to three conservation laws. Electron inertia leads to outward electron separation from the magnetic streamtubes. The progressive plasma filling of the adjacent vacuum region is consistent with electron-inertia being part of finite electron Larmor radius effects, which increase downstream and eventually demagnetize the plasma. Current ambipolarity is not fulfilled and ion separation can be either outwards or inwards of magnetic streamtubes, depending on their magnetization. Electron separation penalizes slightly the plume efficiency and is larger for plasma beams injected with large pressure gradients. An alternative nonzero electron-inertia model [E. Hooper, J. Propul. Power 9, 757 (1993)] based on cold plasmas and current ambipolarity, which predicts inwards electron separation, is discussed critically. A possible competition of the gyroviscous force with electron-inertia effects is commented briefly.
Check whether the anglo-saxon journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
Check whether the spanish journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.