Emissions and economic costs of cycling compact fluorescent lamps with integrated ballasts

García Rosillo, Félix and Castejón Magaña, Francisco and Egido, Miguel Angel (2013). Emissions and economic costs of cycling compact fluorescent lamps with integrated ballasts. "Lighting Research and Technology", v. 45 (n. 1); pp. 102-123. ISSN 1477-1535. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477153511433672.

Description

Title: Emissions and economic costs of cycling compact fluorescent lamps with integrated ballasts
Author/s:
  • García Rosillo, Félix
  • Castejón Magaña, Francisco
  • Egido, Miguel Angel
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Lighting Research and Technology
Date: February 2013
ISSN: 1477-1535
Volume: 45
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Telecomunicación (UPM)
Department: Electrónica Física
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This paper proposes a way to quantify the emissions of mercury (Hg) and CO2 associated with the manufacture and operation of compact fluorescent lamps with integrated ballasts (CFLis), as well as the economic cost of using them under different operating cycles. The main purpose of this paper is to find simple criteria for reducing the polluting emissions under consideration and the economic cost of CFLi to a minimum. A lifetime model is proposed that allows the emissions and costs to be described as a function of degradation from turning CFLi on and their continuous operation. An idealized model of a CFLi is defined that combines characteristics stated by different manufacturers. In addition, two CFLi models representing poor-quality products are analyzed. It was found that the emissions and costs per unit of time of operation of the CFLi depend linearly on the number of times per unit of time it is turned on and the time of continuous operation. The optimal conditions (lowest emissions and costs) depend on the place of manufacture, the place of operation and the quality of the components of the lamp/ballast. Finally, it was also found that for each lamp, there are intervals when it is turned off during which emissions of pollutants and costs are identical regardless of how often the lamp is turned on or the time it remains on. For CO2 emissions, the lamp must be off up to 5 minutes; for the cost, up to 7 minutes and for Hg emissions, up to 43 minutes. It is advisable not to turn on a CFLi sooner than 43 minutes from the last time it was turned off.

More information

Item ID: 18997
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/18997/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:18997
DOI: 10.1177/1477153511433672
Official URL: http://lrt.sagepub.com/content/45/1/102
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 11 Aug 2013 09:43
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2016 17:14
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