Emissions and economic costs of cycling compact fluorescent lamps with integrated ballasts

García Rosillo, Félix; Castejón Magaña, Francisco y Egido, Miguel Angel (2013). Emissions and economic costs of cycling compact fluorescent lamps with integrated ballasts. "Lighting Research and Technology", v. 45 (n. 1); pp. 102-123. ISSN 1477-1535.

Descripción

Título: Emissions and economic costs of cycling compact fluorescent lamps with integrated ballasts
Autor/es:
  • García Rosillo, Félix
  • Castejón Magaña, Francisco
  • Egido, Miguel Angel
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Lighting Research and Technology
Fecha: Febrero 2013
Volumen: 45
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Telecomunicación (UPM)
Departamento: Electrónica Física
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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URL Oficial: http://lrt.sagepub.com/content/45/1/102

Resumen

This paper proposes a way to quantify the emissions of mercury (Hg) and CO2 associated with the manufacture and operation of compact fluorescent lamps with integrated ballasts (CFLis), as well as the economic cost of using them under different operating cycles. The main purpose of this paper is to find simple criteria for reducing the polluting emissions under consideration and the economic cost of CFLi to a minimum. A lifetime model is proposed that allows the emissions and costs to be described as a function of degradation from turning CFLi on and their continuous operation. An idealized model of a CFLi is defined that combines characteristics stated by different manufacturers. In addition, two CFLi models representing poor-quality products are analyzed. It was found that the emissions and costs per unit of time of operation of the CFLi depend linearly on the number of times per unit of time it is turned on and the time of continuous operation. The optimal conditions (lowest emissions and costs) depend on the place of manufacture, the place of operation and the quality of the components of the lamp/ballast. Finally, it was also found that for each lamp, there are intervals when it is turned off during which emissions of pollutants and costs are identical regardless of how often the lamp is turned on or the time it remains on. For CO2 emissions, the lamp must be off up to 5 minutes; for the cost, up to 7 minutes and for Hg emissions, up to 43 minutes. It is advisable not to turn on a CFLi sooner than 43 minutes from the last time it was turned off.

Más información

ID de Registro: 18997
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/18997/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:18997
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 11 Ago 2013 09:43
Ultima Modificación: 21 Abr 2016 17:14
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