Campo Yagüe, José María del and Negro Valdecantos, Vicente and Nuñez, Miguel
The history of technology in education. A comparative study and forecast.
In: "International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology (ICEEPSY 2012)", 10/10/2012 - 13/10/2012, Istanbul, Turkey. pp. 1-7.
Area, launched in 1999 with the Bologna Declaration, has bestowed such a magnitude and unprecedented agility to the
transformation process undertaken by European universities. However, the change has been more profound and drastic with
regards to the use of new technologies both inside and outside the classroom.
This article focuses on the study and analysis of the technology’s history within the university education and its impact on teachers, students and teaching methods.
All the elements that have been significant and innovative throughout the history inside the teaching process have been analyzed, from the use of blackboard and chalk during lectures, the use of slide projectors and transparent slides, to the use of electronic whiteboards and Internet nowadays. The study is complemented with two types of surveys that have been performed among teachers and students during the school years 1999 - 2011 in the School of Civil Engineering at the Polytechnic University of Madrid. The pros and cons of each of the techniques and methodologies used in the learning process over the last decades are described, unfolding how they have affected the teacher, who has evolved from writing on a whiteboard to project onto a screen, the student, who has evolved from taking handwritten notes to download information or search the Internet, and the educational process, that has evolved from the lecture to acollaborative learning and project-based learning.
It is unknown how the process of learning will evolve in the future, but we do know the consequences that some of the
multimedia technologies are having on teachers, students and the learning process. It is our goal as teachers to keep ourselves up to date, in order to offer the student adequate technical content, while providing proper motivation through the use of new technologies. The study provides a forecast in the evolution of multimedia within the classroom and the renewal of the education process, which in our view, will set the basis for future learning process within the context of this new interactive era.