User benefit assessment by a dynamic LUTI model for Madrid

Wang, Yang; Di Ciommo, Floridea y Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés (2012). User benefit assessment by a dynamic LUTI model for Madrid. En: "CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI", 20/06/2012 - 22/06/2012, Granada (España). p. 120.

Descripción

Título: User benefit assessment by a dynamic LUTI model for Madrid
Autor/es:
  • Wang, Yang
  • Di Ciommo, Floridea
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI
Fechas del Evento: 20/06/2012 - 22/06/2012
Lugar del Evento: Granada (España)
Título del Libro: CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI
Fecha: 2012
Materias:
Escuela: Centro de Investigación del Transporte (TRANSyT) (UPM)
Departamento: Otro
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Assessing users’ benefit in a transport policy implementation has been studied by many researchers using theoretical or empirical measures. However, few of them measure users’ benefit in a different way from the consumer surplus. Therefore, this paper aims to assess a new measure of user benefits by weighting consumer surplus in order to include equity assessment for different transport policies simulated in a dynamic middle-term LUTI model adapted to the case study of Madrid. Three different transport policies, including road pricing, parking charge and public transport improvement have been simulated through the Metropolitan Activity Relocation Simulator, MARS, the LUTI calibrated model for Madrid). A social welfare function (WF) is defined using a cost benefit analysis function that includes mainly costs and benefits of users and operators of the transport system. Particularly, the part of welfare function concerning the users, (i.e. consumer surplus), is modified by a compensating weight (CW) which represents the inverse of household income level. Based on the modified social welfare function, the effects on the measure of users benefits are estimated and compared with the old WF ́s results as well. The result of the analysis shows that road pricing leads a negative effect on the users benefits specially on the low income users. Actually, the road pricing and parking charge implementation results like a regressive policy especially at long term. Public transport improvement scenario brings more positive effects on low income user benefits. The integrated (road pricing and increasing public services) policy scenario is the one which receive the most user benefits. The results of this research could be a key issue to understanding the relationship between transport systems policies and user benefits distribution in a metropolitan context.

Más información

ID de Registro: 20061
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/20061/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:20061
URL Oficial: http://www.cit2012.org/
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 19 Sep 2013 16:50
Ultima Modificación: 22 Sep 2014 11:18
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