Decarbonization of toll plazas: impact assessment of toll collection system management

Hernández del Olmo, Sara and Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés and Sobrino Vazquez, Natalia (2013). Decarbonization of toll plazas: impact assessment of toll collection system management. In: "Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting", 13/01/2013 - 17/01/2013, Washington, D.C., EEUU. pp. 1-13.

Description

Title: Decarbonization of toll plazas: impact assessment of toll collection system management
Author/s:
  • Hernández del Olmo, Sara
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
  • Sobrino Vazquez, Natalia
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting
Event Dates: 13/01/2013 - 17/01/2013
Event Location: Washington, D.C., EEUU
Title of Book: TRB 92nd Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers
Date: 2013
Subjects:
Faculty: Centro de Investigación del Transporte (TRANSyT) (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

Full text

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer, such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (2MB)

Abstract

Transport climate change impacts have become a worldwide concern. The use of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) could contribute to a more effective use of resources in toll road networks. Management of toll plazas is central to the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as it is there that bottlenecks and congestion occur. This study focuses on management strategies aimed at reducing climate change impacts of toll plazas by managing toll collection systems. These strategies are based on the use of different collection system technologies – Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) and Open Road Tolling (ORT) – and on queue management. The carbon footprint of various toll plazas is determined by a proposed integrated methodology which estimates the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of the different operational stages at toll plazas (deceleration, service time, acceleration, and queuing) for the different toll collection systems. To validate the methodology, two main-line toll plazas of a Spanish toll highway were evaluated. The findings reveal that the application of new technologies to toll collection systems is an effective management strategy from an environmental point of view. The case studies revealed that ORT systems lead to savings of up to 70% of CO2 emissions at toll plazas, while ETC systems save 20% comparing to the manual ones. Furthermore, queue management can offer a 16% emissions savings when queue time is reduced by 116 seconds. The integrated methodology provides an efficient environmental management tool for toll plazas. The use of new technologies is the future of the decarbonization of toll plazas.

More information

Item ID: 20833
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/20833/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:20833
Official URL: http://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=1241609
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 05 Nov 2013 16:29
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2014 11:21
  • Logo InvestigaM (UPM)
  • Logo GEOUP4
  • Logo Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Logo Sherpa/Romeo
    Check whether the anglo-saxon journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo Dulcinea
    Check whether the spanish journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo de Recolecta
  • Logo del Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • Logo de OpenCourseWare UPM