Barrero, A. and Sanmartín Losada, Juan Ramón
Transition from isentropic to isothermal expansion in laser produced plasma.
"Plasma Physics", v. 22
The transition that the expansion flow of laser-produced plasmas experiences when one moves from long, low intensity pulses (temperature vanishing at the isentropic plasma-vacuum front,lying at finite distance) to short, intense ones (non-zero, uniform temperature at the plasma-vacuum
front, lying at infinity) is studied. For plznar geometry and lqge ion number Z, the transition occurs for dq5/dt=0.14(27/8)k712Z’1zn$/m4f, 12nK,,; mi, and K are laser intensity, critical density,ion mass, and Spitzer’s heat conduction coefficient. This result remains valid for finite Zit,h ough the numerical factor in d$/dt is different. Shorter wavelength lasers and higher 4 plasmas allow faster rising pulses below transition.