Annaratone, B. and Biancalini, A. and Bruno, D. and Capitelli, M. and Ceccherini, F. and Daly, E. and Pascale, O. and Diomede, P. and D'Ammando, G.D. and Hilgers, A. and Longo, S. and Marcuccio, S. and Mendoca, J.T. and Nagnibeda, V. and Pegoraro, F. and Sanmartín Losada, Juan Ramón
Plasma kinetics issues in an ESA study for a plasma
laboratory in space.
"Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion", v. 50
A study supported by the European Space Agency (ESA), in the context of its General Studies Programme, performed an investigation of the possible use of space for studies in pure and applied plasma physics, in areas not traditionally
covered by ‘space plasma physics’. A set of experiments have been identified that can potentially provide access to new phenomena and to allow advances in several fields of plasma science. These experiments concern phenomena on a
spatial scale (101–104 m) intermediate between what is achievable on the ground and the usual solar system plasma observations. Detailed feasibility studies have been performed for three experiments: active magnetic experiments, largescale discharges and long tether–plasma interactions. The perspectives opened by these experiments are discussed for magnetic reconnection, instabilities,
MHD turbulence, atomic excited states kinetics, weakly ionized plasmas,plasma diagnostics, artificial auroras and atmospheric studies. The discussion is also supported by results of numerical simulations and estimates.