Taxonomic composition of the Holocene forests of the northern of Spain, as determined from their macroremains

Garcia-Amorena Gomez del Moral, Ignacio and Morla Juaristi, Carlos and Rubiales Jimenez, Juan Manuel and Gómez Manzaneque, Fernando (2008). Taxonomic composition of the Holocene forests of the northern of Spain, as determined from their macroremains. "Holocene", v. 18 (n. 5); pp. 819-829. ISSN 0959-6836. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683608089218.

Description

Title: Taxonomic composition of the Holocene forests of the northern of Spain, as determined from their macroremains
Author/s:
  • Garcia-Amorena Gomez del Moral, Ignacio
  • Morla Juaristi, Carlos
  • Rubiales Jimenez, Juan Manuel
  • Gómez Manzaneque, Fernando
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Holocene
Date: August 2008
ISSN: 0959-6836
Volume: 18
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Macroremains, Iberian Peninsula, coastal forest, vegetation history, taxonomic composition, Holocene, Quercus robur, Ulmus minor, Vitis vinifera.
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Montes (UPM)
Department: Silvopascicultura [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Eight sites distributed over a distance of some 400 km of the Cantabrian coast (northern Spain) provided 153 wood, 50 fruit and over 350 leaf remains belonging to the area’s Holocene forests. The high taxonomic precision with which these macroremains were identified (in many cases at the species level), plus the accurate information available regarding the original growth locations of these plants, provide new geobotanical insights into the history of northern Spain’s Atlantic forests. Radiocarbon dating of the wood samples showed the collected material to have lived between 8550 and 800 cal. BP. Analysis of the macroremains showed the deciduous mixed forests of the Holocene to contain a majority of Quercus robur and Corylus avellana, accompanied by Acer pseudoplatanus, Ulmus minor, Castanea sp., and hygro-thermophilous taxa (Arbutus, Laurus and Vitis vinifera). The remains of hygrophilous communities, dominated by Salix atrocinerea, Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus sp., show these to have expanded during the Holocene. The absence of conifer macroremains is interpreted as reflecting the disappearance of Würmian conifer populations at the beginning of the Holocene. The different taxa (eg, Ilex spp. and V. vinifera) that survived the last glaciation in the refugia offered by Spain’s northern coast persisted in the same areas during the Holocene. A leaf sample of Ulmus minor dating to 3950 ± 120 cal. BP reveals for the first time the natural occurrence of this species on the northern coast of Spain

More information

Item ID: 2217
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/2217/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:2217
DOI: 10.1177/0959683608089218
Official URL: http://hol.sagepub.com/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 11 Feb 2010 12:16
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 11:58
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