Unattended motion detection system based on the mammalian retina

Martín Pereda, José Antonio and González Marcos, Ana (2004). Unattended motion detection system based on the mammalian retina. In: "Unmanned/Unattended Sensors and Sensor Networks", 25/10/2004, London, UK.

Description

Title: Unattended motion detection system based on the mammalian retina
Author/s:
  • Martín Pereda, José Antonio
  • González Marcos, Ana
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: Unmanned/Unattended Sensors and Sensor Networks
Event Dates: 25/10/2004
Event Location: London, UK
Title of Book: Proceedings of SPIE
Date: 30 November 2004
Volume: 5611
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Motion detection ; Retina ; Sensing systems ; Software ; Computer hardware ; Nerve ; Optical computing ; Optical logic
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Telecomunicación (UPM)
Department: Tecnología Fotónica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Sensing systems in living bodies offer a large variety of possible different configurations and philosophies able to be emulated in artificial sensing systems. Motion detection is one of the areas where different animals adopt different solutions and, in most of the cases, these solutions reflect a very sophisticated form. One of them, the mammalian visual system, presents several advantages with respect to the artificial ones. The main objective of this paper is to present a system, based on this biological structure, able to detect motion, its sense and its characteristics. The configuration adopted responds to the internal structure of the mammalian retina, where just five types of cells arranged in five layers are able to differentiate a large number of characteristics of the image impinging onto it. Its main advantage is that the detection of these properties is based purely on its hardware. A simple unit, based in a previous optical logic cell employed in optical computing, is the basis for emulating the different behaviors of the biological neurons. No software is present and, in this way, no possible interference from outside affects to the final behavior. This type of structure is able to work, once the internal configuration is implemented, without any further attention. Different possibilities are present in the architecture to be presented: detection of motion, of its direction and intensity. Moreover, some other characteristics, as symmetry may be obtained.

More information

Item ID: 22834
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/22834/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:22834
Official URL: http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=852774
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Telecomunicación
Deposited on: 11 Mar 2014 07:36
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2016 20:33
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