Seismic performance case study of bridge pile cap foundation

Tejerina, Adrian (2014). Seismic performance case study of bridge pile cap foundation. Tesis (Master), E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM).

Descripción

Título: Seismic performance case study of bridge pile cap foundation
Autor/es:
  • Tejerina, Adrian
Director/es:
  • Goicolea Ruigómez, José María
  • Ye, Aijun
Tipo de Documento: Tesis (Master)
Título del máster: Ingeniería de las Estructuras, Cimentaciones y Materiales
Fecha: 2014
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Mecánica de Medios Continuos y Teoría de Estructuras
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The purpose of this report is to build a model that represents, as best as possible, the seismic behavior of a pile cap bridge foundation by a nonlinear static (analysis) procedure. It will consist of a reproduction of a specimen already built in the laboratory. This model will carry out a pseudo static lateral and horizontal pushover test that will be applied onto the pile cap until the failure of the structure, the formation of a plastic hinge in the piles due to the horizontal deformation, occurs. The pushover test consists of increasing the horizontal load over the pile cap until the horizontal displacement wanted at the height of the pile cap is reached. The output of this model will be a Skeleton curve that will plot the lateral load (kN) over the displacement (m), so that the maximum movement the pile cap foundation can reach before its failure can be calculated. This failure will be achieved when the load at that specific shift is equal to 85% of the maximum. The pile cap foundation finite element model was based on pile cap built for a laboratory experiment already carried out by the Master student Deming Zhang at Tongji University. Two different pile caps were tested with a difference in height above the ground level. While one has 0:3m, the other rises 0:8m above the ground level. The computer model was calibrated using the experimental results. The pile cap foundation will be programmed in a finite element environment called OpenSees (Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation [28]). This environment is a free software developed by Berkeley University specialized, as it name says, in the study of earthquakes and its effects on structures. This specialization is the main reason why it is being used for building this model as it makes it possible to build any finite element model, and perform several analysis in order to get the results wanted. The development of OpenSees is sponsored by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center through the National Science Foundation engineering and education centers program. OpenSees uses Tcl language to program it, which is a language similar to C++.

Más información

ID de Registro: 23388
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/23388/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:23388
Depositado por: Biblioteca ETSI Caminos
Depositado el: 07 Abr 2014 06:46
Ultima Modificación: 30 Jul 2015 10:19
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