The application of inverse-dispersion and gradient methods to estimate ammonia emissions from a penguin colony.

Theobald, Mark Richard; Crittenden, Peter D.; Sim Tang, Y. y Sutton, Mark A. (2013). The application of inverse-dispersion and gradient methods to estimate ammonia emissions from a penguin colony.. "Atmospheric Environment", v. 81 ; pp. 320-329. ISSN 1352-2310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.09.009.

Descripción

Título: The application of inverse-dispersion and gradient methods to estimate ammonia emissions from a penguin colony.
Autor/es:
  • Theobald, Mark Richard
  • Crittenden, Peter D.
  • Sim Tang, Y.
  • Sutton, Mark A.
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Atmospheric Environment
Fecha: Diciembre 2013
Volumen: 81
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Química y Análisis Agrícola [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Penguin colonies represent some of the most concentrated sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere in the world. The ammonia emitted into the atmosphere can have a large influence on the nitrogen cycling of ecosystems near the colonies. However, despite the ecological importance of the emissions, no measurements of ammonia emissions from penguin colonies have been made. The objective of this work was to determine the ammonia emission rate of a penguin colony using inverse-dispersion modelling and gradient methods. We measured meteorological variables and mean atmospheric concentrations of ammonia at seven locations near a colony of Adélie penguins in Antarctica to provide input data for inverse-dispersion modelling. Three different atmospheric dispersion models (ADMS, LADD and a Lagrangian stochastic model) were used to provide a robust emission estimate. The Lagrangian stochastic model was applied both in ‘forwards’ and ‘backwards’ mode to compare the difference between the two approaches. In addition, the aerodynamic gradient method was applied using vertical profiles of mean ammonia concentrations measured near the centre of the colony. The emission estimates derived from the simulations of the three dispersion models and the aerodynamic gradient method agreed quite well, giving a mean emission of 1.1 g ammonia per breeding pair per day (95% confidence interval: 0.4–2.5 g ammonia per breeding pair per day). This emission rate represents a volatilisation of 1.9% of the estimated nitrogen excretion of the penguins, which agrees well with that estimated from a temperature-dependent bioenergetics model. We found that, in this study, the Lagrangian stochastic model seemed to give more reliable emission estimates in ‘forwards’ mode than in ‘backwards’ mode due to the assumptions made.

Más información

ID de Registro: 25905
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/25905/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:25905
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.09.009
URL Oficial: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231013006973
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 18 Jun 2014 15:08
Ultima Modificación: 31 Dic 2015 23:56
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