Assessment of vehicle emissions projections in Madrid (Spain) from 2004 to 2012 considering several control strategies

Lumbreras Martin, Julio and Valdes, M. and Borge García, Rafael and Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación (2008). Assessment of vehicle emissions projections in Madrid (Spain) from 2004 to 2012 considering several control strategies. "Transportation Research Part A-Policy and Practice", v. 42 (n. 4); pp. 646-658. ISSN 0965-8564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2008.01.026.

Description

Title: Assessment of vehicle emissions projections in Madrid (Spain) from 2004 to 2012 considering several control strategies
Author/s:
  • Lumbreras Martin, Julio
  • Valdes, M.
  • Borge García, Rafael
  • Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Transportation Research Part A-Policy and Practice
Date: May 2008
ISSN: 0965-8564
Volume: 42
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Mobility plans; Air pollution; vehicle emissions projections; urban air quality; emission control
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Road transport is a major source of air pollutant emissions in European cities. Moreover, vehicle exhaust emissions have been the cause of much concern about the effects of urban air pollution on human health. Local authorities need to develop strategies to control vehicular emissions through technological and socioeconomical measures. For this reason, an efficiency assessment of possible future measures to reduce air pollution is required for future traffic planning, regulatory and fiscal initiatives. This paper presents the assessment of several mobility and technology scenarios that can be used for emission reductions in Madrid (Spain) in the period 2004–2012. Pollutants considered are those related to typical air quality problems in urban areas in Europe (SO2, NOx, NMVOC, heavy metals, CO and particulate matter) and CO2 as a greenhouse gas. Results show an expected increase in mobility but a decreasing trend in future traffic-related emissions, except for CO2. This reduction is due to technological improvements linked to European Legislation for road vehicles (Euro Standards). CO2 emissions are expected to increase because the technological improvements will not be able to counteract the effect of the large mobility increase. With regard to control strategies, the most effective measure for emission reductions is fleet renewal. According to the hypotheses made in the paper, this would reduce, on average, the pollutant emission by 16.04%. With regard to CO2 emissions, the use of biofuels and the decrease in mobility are the most effective measures.

More information

Item ID: 2684
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/2684/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:2684
DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2008.01.026
Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/547/description#description
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 25 Mar 2010 09:13
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 18:21
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