Mechanical and thermal behaviour of isotactic polypropylene reinforced with inorganic fullerene-like WS2 nanoparticles: Effect of filler loading and temperature

Díez Pascual, Ana María y Naffakh Cherradi Hadi, Mohammed (2013). Mechanical and thermal behaviour of isotactic polypropylene reinforced with inorganic fullerene-like WS2 nanoparticles: Effect of filler loading and temperature. "Materials Chemistry And Physics", v. 141 (n. 2-3); pp. 979-989. ISSN 0254-0584.

Descripción

Título: Mechanical and thermal behaviour of isotactic polypropylene reinforced with inorganic fullerene-like WS2 nanoparticles: Effect of filler loading and temperature
Autor/es:
  • Díez Pascual, Ana María
  • Naffakh Cherradi Hadi, Mohammed
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Materials Chemistry And Physics
Fecha: 16 Septiembre 2013
Volumen: 141
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Composite materials; Tension test; Thermal conductivity; Thermomechanical effects
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería y Ciencia de los Materiales [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The thermal and mechanical behaviour of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) nanocomposites reinforced with different loadings of inorganic fullerene-like tungsten disulfide (IF-WS2) nanoparticles was investigated. The IF-WS2 noticeably enhanced the polymer stiffness and strength, ascribed to their uniform dispersion, the formation of a large nanoparticle?matrix interface combined with a nucleating effect on iPP crystallization. Their reinforcement effect was more pronounced at high temperatures. However, a drop in ductility and toughness was found at higher IF-WS2 concentrations. The tensile behaviour of the nanocomposites was extremely sensitive to the strain rate and temperature, and their yield strength was properly described by the Eyring s equation. The activation energy increased while the activation volume decreased with increasing nanoparticle loading, indicating a reduction in polymer chain motion. The nanoparticles improved the thermomechanical properties of iPP: raised the glass transition and heat deflection temperatures while decreased the coefficient of thermal expansion. The nanocomposites also displayed superior flame retardancy with longer ignition time and reduced peak heat release rate. Further, a gradual rise in thermal conductivity was found with increasing IF-WS2 loading both in the glassy and rubbery states. The results presented herein highlight the benefits and high potential of using IF-nanoparticles for enhancing the thermomechanical properties of thermoplastic polymers compared to other nanoscale fillers.

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Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 13 Ene 2015 18:23
Ultima Modificación: 01 Nov 2015 23:56
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