Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Included in a Pregnancy Exercise Program Is Effective in Primary Prevention of Urinary Incontinence: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Pelaez, Mireia; González-Cerrón, Silvia; Montejo, Rocío y Barakat Carballo, Ruben Omar (2014). Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Included in a Pregnancy Exercise Program Is Effective in Primary Prevention of Urinary Incontinence: A Randomized Controlled Trial. "Neurourology And Urodynamics", v. 33 (n. 1); pp. 67-71. ISSN 0733-2467. https://doi.org/10.1002/nau.22381.

Descripción

Título: Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Included in a Pregnancy Exercise Program Is Effective in Primary Prevention of Urinary Incontinence: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Autor/es:
  • Pelaez, Mireia
  • González-Cerrón, Silvia
  • Montejo, Rocío
  • Barakat Carballo, Ruben Omar
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Neurourology And Urodynamics
Fecha: 2014
Volumen: 33
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: gestation; nulliparous; physical exercise; physical therapy; prevention
Escuela: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Departamento: Ciencias Sociales de la Actividad Física, del Deporte y del Ocio
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

AIMS: To investigate the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) taught in a general exercise class during pregnancy on the prevention of urinary incontinence (UI) in nulliparous continent pregnant women. METHODS: This was a unicenter two armed randomized controlled trial. One hundred sixty-nine women were randomized by a central computer system to an exercise group (EG) (exercise class including PFMT) (n = 73) or a control group (CG) (n = 96). 10.1% loss to follow-up: 10 from EG and 7 from CG. The intervention consisted of 70-75 sessions (22 weeks, three times per week, 55-60 min/session including 10 min of PFMT). The CG received usual care (which included follow up by midwifes including information about PFMT). Questions on prevalence and degree of UI were posed before (week 10-14) and after intervention (week 36-39) using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF). RESULTS: At the end of the intervention, there was a statistically significant difference in favor of the EG. Reported frequency of UI [Never: CG: 54/60.7%, EG: 60/95.2% (P < 0.001)]. Amount of leakage [None: CG: 45/60.7%, EG: 60/95.2% (P < 0.001)]. There was also a statistically significant difference in ICIQ-UI SF Score between groups after the intervention period [CG: 2.7 (SD 4.1), EG: 0.2 (SD 1.2) (P < 0.001)]. The estimated effect size was 0.8. CONCLUSION: PFMT taught in a general exercise class three times per week for at least 22 weeks, without former assessment of ability to perform a correct contraction was effective in primary prevention of UI in primiparous pregnant women.

Más información

ID de Registro: 29192
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/29192/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:29192
Identificador DOI: 10.1002/nau.22381
URL Oficial: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/%28ISSN%291520-6777
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 04 Feb 2015 16:59
Ultima Modificación: 04 Feb 2015 16:59
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