Association of breakfast consumption with objectively measured and self-reported physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study

Cuenca Garcia, Magdalena and Ruiz, Jonatan R. and Ortega, Francisco B. and Labayen, Idoia and Gonzalez Gross, Maria Marcela and Moreno, Luis A. and Gomez Martinez, Sonia and Ciarapica, Donatella and Hallström, Lena and Wästlund, Acki and Molnar,, Dénes and Gottrand, Frederic and Manios, Yannis and Widhalm, Kurt and Kafatos, Anthony and De Henauw, Stefaan and Sjöström, Michael and Castillo, Manuel J. (2013). Association of breakfast consumption with objectively measured and self-reported physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. "Public Health Nutrition", v. 11 (n. null); pp. 1-11. ISSN 1368-9800. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013002437.

Description

Title: Association of breakfast consumption with objectively measured and self-reported physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study
Author/s:
  • Cuenca Garcia, Magdalena
  • Ruiz, Jonatan R.
  • Ortega, Francisco B.
  • Labayen, Idoia
  • Gonzalez Gross, Maria Marcela
  • Moreno, Luis A.
  • Gomez Martinez, Sonia
  • Ciarapica, Donatella
  • Hallström, Lena
  • Wästlund, Acki
  • Molnar,, Dénes
  • Gottrand, Frederic
  • Manios, Yannis
  • Widhalm, Kurt
  • Kafatos, Anthony
  • De Henauw, Stefaan
  • Sjöström, Michael
  • Castillo, Manuel J.
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Public Health Nutrition
Date: 2013
ISSN: 1368-9800
Volume: 11
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Physical activity. Sedentarism. Aerobic capacity. Muscular strength. Speed/agility
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Salud y Rendimiento Humano
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the association of breakfast consumption with objectively measured and self-reported physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness. Design: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Cross-Sectional Study. Breakfast consumption was assessed by two non-consecutive 24 h recalls and by a ‘Food Choices and Preferences’ questionnaire. Physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness and speed/agility) were measured and self-reported. Socio-economic status was assessed by questionnaire. Setting: Ten European cities. Subjects: Adolescents (n 2148; aged 12?5–17?5 years). Results: Breakfast consumption was not associated with measured or self-reported physical activity. However, 24 h recall breakfast consumption was related to measured sedentary time in males and females; although results were not confirmed when using other methods to assess breakfast patterns or sedentary time. Breakfast consumption was not related to muscular fitness and speed/agility in males and females. However, male breakfast consumers had higher cardiorespiratory fitness compared with occasional breakfast consumers and breakfast skippers, while no differences were observed in females. Overall, results were consistent using different methods to assess breakfast consumption or cardiorespiratory fitness (all P#0?005). In addition, both male and female breakfast skippers (assessed by 24 h recall) were less likely to have high measured cardiorespiratory fitness compared with breakfast consumers (OR50?33; 95% CI 0?18, 0?59 and OR50?56; 95 %CI 0?32, 0?98,respectively). Results persisted across methods. Conclusions: Skipping breakfast does not seem to be related to physical activity,sedentary time or muscular fitness and speed/agility as physical fitness components in European adolescents; yet it is associated with both measured and self-reported cardiorespiratory fitness, which extends previous findings.

More information

Item ID: 29458
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/29458/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:29458
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980013002437
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 07 May 2015 08:38
Last Modified: 07 May 2015 08:38
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