Background and approach to a definition of smart buildings

García Santos, Alfonso (2013). Background and approach to a definition of smart buildings. In: "CIB W78 2013 International Conference of Aplications of IT in the AEC Industry.", 09/10/2013 - 12/10/2013, Beijing, China. pp. 85-95.

Description

Title: Background and approach to a definition of smart buildings
Author/s:
  • García Santos, Alfonso
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: CIB W78 2013 International Conference of Aplications of IT in the AEC Industry.
Event Dates: 09/10/2013 - 12/10/2013
Event Location: Beijing, China
Title of Book: Proceedings of the 30th CIB W78 International Conference
Date: 2013
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: smart buildings, definition, domotics, intelligent buildings, home automation
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónica
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

There is no doubt that there is no possibility of finding a single reference about domotics in the first half of the 20th century. The best known authors and those who have documented this discipline, set its origin in the 1970’s, when the x-10 technology began to be used, but it was not until 1988 when Larousse Encyclopedia decided to include the definition of "Smart Building". Furthermore, even nowadays, there is not a single definition widely accepted, and for that reason, many other expressions, namely "Intelligent Buildings" "Domotics" "Digital Home" or "Home Automation" have appeared to describe the automated buildings and homes. The lack of a clear definition for "Smart Buildings" causes difficulty not only in the development of a common international framework to develop research in this field, but it also causes insecurity in the potential user of these buildings. That is to say, the user does not know what is offered by this kind of buildings, hindering the dissemination of the culture of building automation in society. Thus, the main purpose of this paper is to propose a definition of the expression “Smart Buildings” that satisfactorily describes the meaning of this discipline. To achieve this aim, a thorough review of the origin of the term itself and the historical background before the emergence of the phenomenon of domotics was conducted, followed by a critical discussion of existing definitions of the term "Smart Buildings" and other similar terms. The extent of each definition has been analyzed, inaccuracies have been discarded and commonalities have been compared. Throughout the discussion, definitions that bring the term "Smart Buildings" near to disciplines such as computer science, robotics and also telecommunications have been found. However, there are also many other definitions that emphasize in a more abstract way the role of these new buildings in the society and the future of mankind.

More information

Item ID: 29613
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/29613/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:29613
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 30 Sep 2015 07:06
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 07:50
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