CsRAV1: a candidate gene for improving lignocellulosic biomass yield

Moreno Cortes, Alicia; Hernandez Verdeja, Tamara; González-Melendi, Pablo; Sánchez Martín, Mario; Sixto, Hortensia y Allona Alberich, Isabel Marta (2013). CsRAV1: a candidate gene for improving lignocellulosic biomass yield. En: "XIII Congresso Luso-Espanhol de Fisiologia Vegetal 2013", 24/07/2013 - 28/07/2013, Lisbon, Portugal. p. 240.

Descripción

Título: CsRAV1: a candidate gene for improving lignocellulosic biomass yield
Autor/es:
  • Moreno Cortes, Alicia
  • Hernandez Verdeja, Tamara
  • González-Melendi, Pablo
  • Sánchez Martín, Mario
  • Sixto, Hortensia
  • Allona Alberich, Isabel Marta
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Póster)
Título del Evento: XIII Congresso Luso-Espanhol de Fisiologia Vegetal 2013
Fechas del Evento: 24/07/2013 - 28/07/2013
Lugar del Evento: Lisbon, Portugal
Título del Libro: CsRAV1: a candidate gene for improving lignocellulosic biomass yield
Fecha: 2013
Materias:
Escuela: Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas (CBGP) (UPM)
Departamento: Biotecnologia [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Fast-growing tree species of Populus spp.,Salix spp. and Eucalyptus spp. are cultivated to produce wood in a short time. Poplars are cultivated with cycles of 15-18 years to obtain saw timber and peeler logs, but when grown as short -rotation coppice(SRC) to produce biomass, planting density increases and rotation is considerably reduced (3-5 years). In this regard, research efforts are focused in the identification of traits and loci that allow the generation of improved SRC biomass-yielding genotypes. Biomass yield is a highly complex trait as it is the combined outcome of many other complex traits, each under separate polygenic control. Among profitable biomass yield-related traits are the amount of sylleptic branching and the length of winter dormancy. In poplar and in a few other Salicaceae species some lateral buds grow out sylleptically, the same season in which they form without the need of an intervening rest period. Sylleptic branching in poplar increases branch number, leaf area and general growth of the tree in its early years, and is a reasonable predictor of coppice yield. On the other hand, the length of winter dormancy determines the extent of the growth period. Our group has characterized the RAV1 gene of Castanea sativa (CsRAV1), encoding a transcription factor of the subfamily RAV (Related to ABI3/VP1). CsRAV1 expression shows a marked seasonal pattern, being higher in autumn and winter both in stems and buds. We generated transgenic lines of the hybrid clone Populus tremulax P. alba INRA 717 1B4 constitutively expressing CsRAV 1. These CsRAV1-expressing poplars develop sylleptic branches only a few weeks after potting. In addition to the sylleptic branching phenotype, these trees show phenological features that could give rise to an extended growth period. We are currently assessing the phenotype and behavior of these transgenic trees in a field trial, and ultimately, we will evaluate the impact on lignocellulosic biomass quality and production.

Más información

ID de Registro: 29994
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/29994/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:29994
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 05 May 2015 18:07
Ultima Modificación: 05 May 2015 18:07
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