High fidelity simulations of failure in fiber-reinforced composites

Sádaba Cipriain, Sergio (2014). High fidelity simulations of failure in fiber-reinforced composites. Thesis (Doctoral), E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM).

Description

Title: High fidelity simulations of failure in fiber-reinforced composites
Author/s:
  • Sádaba Cipriain, Sergio
Contributor/s:
  • González Martínez, Carlos Daniel
  • Llorca Martínez, Francisco Javier
Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Date: 2014
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ciencia de los Materiales
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Los ensayos virtuales de materiales compuestos han aparecido como un nuevo concepto dentro de la industria aeroespacial, y disponen de un vasto potencial para reducir los enormes costes de certificación y desarrollo asociados con las tediosas campañas experimentales, que incluyen un gran número de paneles, subcomponentes y componentes. El objetivo de los ensayos virtuales es sustituir algunos ensayos por simulaciones computacionales con alta fidelidad. Esta tesis es una contribución a la aproximación multiescala desarrollada en el Instituto IMDEA Materiales para predecir el comportamiento mecánico de un laminado de material compuesto dadas las propiedades de la lámina y la intercara. La mecánica de daño continuo (CDM) formula el daño intralaminar a nivel constitutivo de material. El modelo de daño intralaminar se combina con elementos cohesivos para representar daño interlaminar. Se desarrolló e implementó un modelo de daño continuo, y se aplicó a configuraciones simples de ensayos en laminados: impactos de baja y alta velocidad, ensayos de tracción, tests a cortadura. El análisis del método y la correlación con experimentos sugiere que los métodos son razonablemente adecuados para los test de impacto, pero insuficientes para el resto de ensayos. Para superar estas limitaciones de CDM, se ha mejorado la aproximación discreta de elementos finitos enriqueciendo la cinemática para incluir discontinuidades embebidas: el método extendido de los elementos finitos (X-FEM). Se adaptó X-FEM para un esquema explícito de integración temporal. El método es capaz de representar cualitativamente los mecanismos de fallo detallados en laminados. Sin embargo, los resultados muestran inconsistencias en la formulación que producen resultados cuantitativos erróneos. Por último, se ha revisado el método tradicional de X-FEM, y se ha desarrollado un nuevo método para superar sus limitaciones: el método cohesivo X-FEM estable. Las propiedades del nuevo método se estudiaron en detalle, y se concluyó que el método es robusto para implementación en códigos explícitos dinámicos escalables, resultando una nueva herramienta útil para la simulación de daño en composites. Virtual testing of composite materials has emerged as a new concept within the aerospace industry. It presents a very large potential to reduce the large certification costs and the long development times associated with the experimental campaigns, involving the testing of a large number of panels, sub-components and components. The aim of virtual testing is to replace some experimental tests by high-fidelity numerical simulations. This work is a contribution to the multiscale approach developed in Institute IMDEA Materials to predict the mechanical behavior of a composite laminate from the properties of the ply and the interply. Continuum Damage Mechanics (CDM) formulates intraply damage at the the material constitutive level. Intraply CDM is combined with cohesive elements to model interply damage. A CDM model was developed, implemented, and applied to simple mechanical tests of laminates: low and high velocity impact, tension of coupons, and shear deformation. The analysis of the results and the comparison with experiments indicated that the performance was reasonably good for the impact tests, but insuficient in the other cases. To overcome the limitations of CDM, the kinematics of the discrete finite element approximation was enhanced to include mesh embedded discontinuities, the eXtended Finite Element Method (X-FEM). The X-FEM was adapted to an explicit time integration scheme and was able to reproduce qualitatively the physical failure mechanisms in a composite laminate. However, the results revealed an inconsistency in the formulation that leads to erroneous quantitative results. Finally, the traditional X-FEM was reviewed, and a new method was developed to overcome its limitations, the stable cohesive X-FEM. The properties of the new method were studied in detail, and it was demonstrated that the new method was robust and can be implemented in a explicit finite element formulation, providing a new tool for damage simulation in composite materials.

More information

Item ID: 30310
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/30310/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:30310
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Caminos
Deposited on: 21 Jul 2014 05:37
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2015 16:54
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