First steps of Roman Cement in Spain

Lasheras Merino, Felix; Sanz Arauz, Fco David y Mayo, Cristina (2013). First steps of Roman Cement in Spain. En: "3rd Historic Mortars Conference", 11-14 September 2013, Glasgow. pp. 25-35.


Título: First steps of Roman Cement in Spain
  • Lasheras Merino, Felix
  • Sanz Arauz, Fco David
  • Mayo, Cristina
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: 3rd Historic Mortars Conference
Fechas del Evento: 11-14 September 2013
Lugar del Evento: Glasgow
Título del Libro: 3rd Historic Mortars Conference
Fecha: 2013
Palabras Clave Informales: Natural cement, old mortars, Natural Cement Industry in Spain.
Escuela: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Departamento: Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónica
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Natural cement was patented in 1796 but it didn’t arrive in Spain until 1835. No one knows exactly where the production started in Spain, because it emerged independently at the same time in many places. Most of these outbreaks are concentrated in the north and northwest of Spain: Basque Country (Zumaya and Rezola) and Catalonia (San Celoní and San Juan de las Abadesas).Natural cement was extensively used to decorate historical buildings during the nineteenth and beginning of twentieth century in Madrid. It was the building material which realised the architects and builders dreams of mass-produced cast elements in a wide variety of styles. Its arrival replaced traditional materials that were used previously (lime, gypsum and hydraulic limes). However, its use was not extended in time, and soon it was replaced by the use of artificial Portland cements. During 20th century this building material disappeared from use. What remains is it’s memory, in thousands and thousands of “stone witnesses” in our cities. Final properties of the cement largely depend on raw materials used and its combustion temperature. However, it was characterised by an easily implementation on facade masonry, fast-setting (about 15 minutes), good resistance , an agreeable structural consistency and colour.This article aims to show first steps, evolution and decay of Natural Cement Industry in Spain and its application in Madrid.

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