First steps of Roman Cement in Spain

Lasheras Merino, Felix and Sanz Arauz, Fco David and Mayo, Cristina (2013). First steps of Roman Cement in Spain. In: "3rd Historic Mortars Conference", 11-14 September 2013, Glasgow. pp. 25-35.


Title: First steps of Roman Cement in Spain
  • Lasheras Merino, Felix
  • Sanz Arauz, Fco David
  • Mayo, Cristina
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 3rd Historic Mortars Conference
Event Dates: 11-14 September 2013
Event Location: Glasgow
Title of Book: 3rd Historic Mortars Conference
Date: 2013
Freetext Keywords: Natural cement, old mortars, Natural Cement Industry in Spain.
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónica
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Natural cement was patented in 1796 but it didn’t arrive in Spain until 1835. No one knows exactly where the production started in Spain, because it emerged independently at the same time in many places. Most of these outbreaks are concentrated in the north and northwest of Spain: Basque Country (Zumaya and Rezola) and Catalonia (San Celoní and San Juan de las Abadesas).Natural cement was extensively used to decorate historical buildings during the nineteenth and beginning of twentieth century in Madrid. It was the building material which realised the architects and builders dreams of mass-produced cast elements in a wide variety of styles. Its arrival replaced traditional materials that were used previously (lime, gypsum and hydraulic limes). However, its use was not extended in time, and soon it was replaced by the use of artificial Portland cements. During 20th century this building material disappeared from use. What remains is it’s memory, in thousands and thousands of “stone witnesses” in our cities. Final properties of the cement largely depend on raw materials used and its combustion temperature. However, it was characterised by an easily implementation on facade masonry, fast-setting (about 15 minutes), good resistance , an agreeable structural consistency and colour.This article aims to show first steps, evolution and decay of Natural Cement Industry in Spain and its application in Madrid.

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Item ID: 30671
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Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 05 Oct 2015 08:16
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2015 08:16
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