Effects of traffic loads on reinforced concrete railroad culverts

Hermanns, Lutz Karl Heinz and Fernández Martínez, Javier and Alarcón Álvarez, Enrique and Fraile de Lerma, Alberto (2013). Effects of traffic loads on reinforced concrete railroad culverts. In: "11th International Conference on Vibration Problems", 09/09/2013-12/09/2013, Lisboa (Portugal).


Title: Effects of traffic loads on reinforced concrete railroad culverts
  • Hermanns, Lutz Karl Heinz
  • Fernández Martínez, Javier
  • Alarcón Álvarez, Enrique
  • Fraile de Lerma, Alberto
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 11th International Conference on Vibration Problems
Event Dates: 09/09/2013-12/09/2013
Event Location: Lisboa (Portugal)
Title of Book: 11th International Conference on Vibration Problems
Date: 2013
Freetext Keywords: Culvert, High-speed rail system, Soil-structure interaction, Moving loads, Finite Element Method
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Mecánica Estructural y Construcciones Industriales [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Official URL: http://www.icoev.org/index.php/icovp-2013


In the context of the present conference paper culverts are defined as an opening or conduit passing through an embankment usually for the purpose of conveying water or providing safe pedestrian and animal crossings under rail infrastructure. The clear opening of culverts may reach values of up to 12m however, values around 3m are encountered much more frequently. Depending on the topography, the number of culverts is about 10 times that of bridges. In spite of this, their dynamic behavior has received far less attention than that of bridges. The fundamental frequency of culverts is considerably higher than that of bridges even in the case of short span bridges. As the operational speed of modern high-speed passenger rail systems rises, higher frequencies are excited and thus more energy is encountered in frequency bands where the fundamental frequency of box culverts is located. Many research efforts have been spent on the subject of ballast instability due to bridge resonance, since it was first observed when high-speed trains were introduced to the Paris/Lyon rail line. To prevent this phenomenon from occurring, design codes establish a limit value for the vertical deck acceleration. Obviously one needs some sort of numerical model in order to estimate this acceleration level and at that point things get quite complicated. Not only acceleration but also displacement values are of interest e.g. to estimate the impact factor. According to design manuals the structural design should consider the depth of cover, trench width and condition, bedding type, backfill material, and compaction. The same applies to the numerical model however, the question is: What type of model is appropriate for this job? A 3D model including the embankment and an important part of the soil underneath the culvert is computationally very expensive and hard to justify taking into account the associated costs. Consequently, there is a clear need for simplified models and design rules in order to achieve reasonable costs. This paper will describe the results obtained from a 2D finite element model which has been calibrated by means of a 3D model and experimental data obtained at culverts that belong to the high-speed railway line that links the two towns of Segovia and Valladolid in Spain

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Item ID: 30790
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/30790/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:30790
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Industriales
Deposited on: 03 Sep 2014 10:48
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2016 01:03
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