Environmental Costs Account: a base for measuring sustainability in transport plans.

Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés and Fernández Heredia, Álvaro and Jordá Lope, Pablo (2009). Environmental Costs Account: a base for measuring sustainability in transport plans.. In: "9th Highway and Urban Environment Symposium 2008", 09/06/2008-11/06/2008, Madrid. ISBN 978-90-481-3042-9.

Description

Title: Environmental Costs Account: a base for measuring sustainability in transport plans.
Author/s:
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
  • Fernández Heredia, Álvaro
  • Jordá Lope, Pablo
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 9th Highway and Urban Environment Symposium 2008
Event Dates: 09/06/2008-11/06/2008
Event Location: Madrid
Title of Book: Highway and Urban Environment - Proceedings of the 9th Highway and Urban Environment symposium -
Date: December 2009
ISBN: 978-90-481-3042-9
Volume: 17
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Each city need to develop sustainable transport plans according to its fu-ture developments. This means identifying the best policy package of transport measures that could produce more sustainable future scenarios: lowest environmental impact, but also better social standards and at mini-mum cost. To that end, it is necessary to measure the environmental and social costs of each alternative transport mode. This paper proposes a me-thodology to calculate those costs in different city contexts: city centre and metropolitan suburbs. It provides a measure of the following environmen-tal costs: pollution, noise, green house gasses and land taken. Then the so-cial costs as congestion and accident costs. These two cost categories are calculated for each mean of transport: metro, bus, private car and taxi. The methodology has been applied to Madrid Region through modeling its mobility demand in 2004. The outputs are costs per passenger-km in each mode and Area: city centre and metropolitan ring. Therefore it is possible to assign monetary costs to environmental and social costs of each trans-port option; for example, car environmental costs are four times higher than buses on average, but it differs a lot from city centre to outskirt areas. Finally, some guidelines can be extracted to develop a more sustainable transport policy for Madrid Region.

More information

Item ID: 3162
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/3162/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:3162
Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/l42625775152h25v/fulltext.pdf
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 31 May 2010 12:09
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 12:42
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