Neighbourhood mobility: a longgone Paradigm? Approaching "proximity" and "land use mix" using data from home-based surveys

Aparicio Mourelo, Angel and Lamíquiz Daudén, Francisco José (2013). Neighbourhood mobility: a longgone Paradigm? Approaching "proximity" and "land use mix" using data from home-based surveys. In: "13th World Conference on Transportation Research (WCTR)", 15/07/2013 - 18/07/2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Description

Title: Neighbourhood mobility: a longgone Paradigm? Approaching "proximity" and "land use mix" using data from home-based surveys
Author/s:
  • Aparicio Mourelo, Angel
  • Lamíquiz Daudén, Francisco José
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 13th World Conference on Transportation Research (WCTR)
Event Dates: 15/07/2013 - 18/07/2013
Event Location: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Title of Book: Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR), July 15-18, 2013 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Date: 2013
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Policies trying to increase walking within urban mobility modal split usually highlight the importance of the functional patterns and the environmental quality of the urban space as major drivers of citizens modal choices. Functional characteristics would be mainly associated to an appropriate mix of land uses within neighbourhoods, whereas environmental quality would be associated to the characteristics of urban spaces. The purpose of this research is threefold: first, to identify relevant proxy indicators, which could characterize pedestrian-friendly land use mix and environmental quality. Second, to assess, for both traits, existing disparities among neighbourhoods in a major metropolitan area. And finally, to explore the association between both indicators and children mobility patterns: according to their built environment, which neighbourhoods have a greater proportion of children and, how is their mobility? Using data from the 2004 household mobility survey in the 128 neighbourhoods of the municipality of Madrid, this paper concludes that potentially favourable conditions at the neighbourhood level seem to have only a modest influence in,mobility patterns , in terms of both, selection of closer destinations and a higher share of walking within modal split. The city s policy choices, with intensive investment in road and public transport infrastructure may explain why short-distance mobility is not as important as it could have been expected in those neighbourhoods with more pedestrian-friendly conditions. The metropolitan transport system is providing mobility conditions, which make far-away destinations attractive to most citizens.

More information

Item ID: 32299
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/32299/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:32299
Official URL: http://www2.wctr2013rio.com/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 13 Oct 2014 12:02
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2014 12:02
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