Neighbourhood mobility: a longgone Paradigm? Approaching "proximity" and "land use mix" using data from home-based surveys

Aparicio Mourelo, Angel y Lamíquiz Daudén, Francisco José (2013). Neighbourhood mobility: a longgone Paradigm? Approaching "proximity" and "land use mix" using data from home-based surveys. En: "13th World Conference on Transportation Research (WCTR)", 15/07/2013 - 18/07/2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Descripción

Título: Neighbourhood mobility: a longgone Paradigm? Approaching "proximity" and "land use mix" using data from home-based surveys
Autor/es:
  • Aparicio Mourelo, Angel
  • Lamíquiz Daudén, Francisco José
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: 13th World Conference on Transportation Research (WCTR)
Fechas del Evento: 15/07/2013 - 18/07/2013
Lugar del Evento: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Título del Libro: Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR), July 15-18, 2013 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Fecha: 2013
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Policies trying to increase walking within urban mobility modal split usually highlight the importance of the functional patterns and the environmental quality of the urban space as major drivers of citizens modal choices. Functional characteristics would be mainly associated to an appropriate mix of land uses within neighbourhoods, whereas environmental quality would be associated to the characteristics of urban spaces. The purpose of this research is threefold: first, to identify relevant proxy indicators, which could characterize pedestrian-friendly land use mix and environmental quality. Second, to assess, for both traits, existing disparities among neighbourhoods in a major metropolitan area. And finally, to explore the association between both indicators and children mobility patterns: according to their built environment, which neighbourhoods have a greater proportion of children and, how is their mobility? Using data from the 2004 household mobility survey in the 128 neighbourhoods of the municipality of Madrid, this paper concludes that potentially favourable conditions at the neighbourhood level seem to have only a modest influence in,mobility patterns , in terms of both, selection of closer destinations and a higher share of walking within modal split. The city s policy choices, with intensive investment in road and public transport infrastructure may explain why short-distance mobility is not as important as it could have been expected in those neighbourhoods with more pedestrian-friendly conditions. The metropolitan transport system is providing mobility conditions, which make far-away destinations attractive to most citizens.

Más información

ID de Registro: 32299
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/32299/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:32299
URL Oficial: http://www2.wctr2013rio.com/
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 13 Oct 2014 12:02
Ultima Modificación: 13 Oct 2014 12:02
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