A model for setting services on auxiliary bus lines under congestion

Codina Sancho, Esteve and Marín Gracia, Angel and López Ramos, Francesc (2013). A model for setting services on auxiliary bus lines under congestion. "Top", v. 21 (n. 1); pp. 48-83. ISSN 1134-5764. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11750-012-0250-z.

Description

Title: A model for setting services on auxiliary bus lines under congestion
Author/s:
  • Codina Sancho, Esteve
  • Marín Gracia, Angel
  • López Ramos, Francesc
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Top
Date: April 2013
ISSN: 1134-5764
Volume: 21
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Public transportation, Frequency design, Congestion modeling, Auxiliary bus lines
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM)
Department: Aeronaves y Vehículos Espaciales
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

In this paper, a mathematical programming model and a heuristically derived solution is described to assist with the efficient planning of services for a set of auxiliary bus lines (a bus-bridging system) during disruptions of metro and rapid transit lines. The model can be considered static and takes into account the average flows of passengers over a given period of time (i.e., the peak morning traffic hour) Auxiliary bus services must accommodate very high demand levels, and the model presented is able to take into account the operation of a bus-bridging system under congested conditions. A general analysis of the congestion in public transportation lines is presented, and the results are applied to the design of a bus-bridging system. A nonlinear integer mathematical programming model and a suitable approximation of this model are then formulated. This approximated model can be solved by a heuristic procedure that has been shown to be computationally viable. The output of the model is as follows: (a) the number of bus units to assign to each of the candidate lines of the bus-bridging system; (b) the routes to be followed by users passengers of each of the origin–destination pairs; (c) the operational conditions of the components of the bus-bridging system, including the passenger load of each of the line segments, the degree of saturation of the bus stops relative to their bus input flows, the bus service times at bus stops and the passenger waiting times at bus stops. The model is able to take into account bounds with regard to the maximum number of passengers waiting at bus stops and the space available at bus stops for the queueing of bus units. This paper demonstrates the applicability of the model with two realistic test cases: a railway corridor in Madrid and a metro line in Barcelona Planificación de los servicios de lineas auxiliares de autobuses durante las incidencias de las redes de metro y cercanías. El modelo estudia el problema bajo condiciones de alta demanda y condiciones de congestión. El modelo no lineal resultante es resuelto mediante heurísticas que demuestran su utilidad. Se demuestran los resultados en dos corredores de las ciudades de Barcelona y Madrid.

More information

Item ID: 33239
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/33239/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:33239
DOI: 10.1007/s11750-012-0250-z
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 04 Mar 2015 18:48
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2015 18:48
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