Analysis of advanced European nuclear fuel cycle scenarios including transmutation and economic estimates

Merino Rodríguez, Iván and Álvarez-Velarde, Francisco and Martín Fuertes, Francisco (2014). Analysis of advanced European nuclear fuel cycle scenarios including transmutation and economic estimates. "Annals of Nuclear Energy", v. 70 (n. null); pp. 240-247. ISSN 0306-4549. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anucene.2014.03.015.

Description

Title: Analysis of advanced European nuclear fuel cycle scenarios including transmutation and economic estimates
Author/s:
  • Merino Rodríguez, Iván
  • Álvarez-Velarde, Francisco
  • Martín Fuertes, Francisco
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Annals of Nuclear Energy
Date: 2014
ISSN: 0306-4549
Volume: 70
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Fuel cycle, Advanced reactor, Transmutation, Energy cost, Cost uncertainties
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Four European fuel cycle scenarios involving transmutation options (in coherence with PATEROS and CPESFR EU projects) have been addressed from a point of view of resources utilization and economic estimates. Scenarios include: (i) the current fleet using Light Water Reactor (LWR) technology and open fuel cycle, (ii) full replacement of the initial fleet with Fast Reactors (FR) burning U?Pu MOX fuel, (iii) closed fuel cycle with Minor Actinide (MA) transmutation in a fraction of the FR fleet, and (iv) closed fuel cycle with MA transmutation in dedicated Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS). All scenarios consider an intermediate period of GEN-III+ LWR deployment and they extend for 200 years, looking for long term equilibrium mass flow achievement. The simulations were made using the TR_EVOL code, capable to assess the management of the nuclear mass streams in the scenario as well as economics for the estimation of the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) and other costs. Results reveal that all scenarios are feasible according to nuclear resources demand (natural and depleted U, and Pu). Additionally, we have found as expected that the FR scenario reduces considerably the Pu inventory in repositories compared to the reference scenario. The elimination of the LWR MA legacy requires a maximum of 55% fraction (i.e., a peak value of 44 FR units) of the FR fleet dedicated to transmutation (MA in MOX fuel, homogeneous transmutation) or an average of 28 units of ADS plants (i.e., a peak value of 51 ADS units). Regarding the economic analysis, the main usefulness of the provided economic results is for relative comparison of scenarios and breakdown of LCOE contributors rather than provision of absolute values, as technological readiness levels are low for most of the advanced fuel cycle stages. The obtained estimations show an increase of LCOE ? averaged over the whole period ? with respect to the reference open cycle scenario of 20% for Pu management scenario and around 35% for both transmutation scenarios. The main contribution to LCOE is the capital costs of new facilities, quantified between 60% and 69% depending on the scenario. An uncertainty analysis is provided around assumed low and high values of processes and technologies.

More information

Item ID: 33249
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/33249/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:33249
DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2014.03.015
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306454914001273
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 14 Apr 2015 15:31
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2016 12:51
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