Inception of debris avalanches: remarks on geomechanical modelling

Cascini, L.; Cuomo, S. y Pastor Pérez, Manuel Tomás (2013). Inception of debris avalanches: remarks on geomechanical modelling. "Landslides", v. 10 (n. 6); pp. 701-711. ISSN 1612-510X. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-012-0366-0.

Descripción

Título: Inception of debris avalanches: remarks on geomechanical modelling
Autor/es:
  • Cascini, L.
  • Cuomo, S.
  • Pastor Pérez, Manuel Tomás
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Landslides
Fecha: Diciembre 2013
Volumen: 10
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Landslide; Avalanche; Failure; Entrainment; Modelling
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Matemática e Informática Aplicadas a la Ingeniería Civil [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

Texto completo

[img]
Vista Previa
PDF (Document Portable Format) - Se necesita un visor de ficheros PDF, como GSview, Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Descargar (2MB) | Vista Previa

Resumen

Debris avalanches are complex phenomena due to the variety of mechanisms that control the failure stage and the avalanche formation. Regarding these issues, in the literature, either field evidence or qualitative interpretations can be found while few experimental laboratory tests and rare examples of geomechanical modelling are available for technical and/or scientific purposes. As a contribution to the topic, the paper firstly highlights as the problem can be analysed referring to a unique mathematical framework from which different modelling approaches can be derived based on limit equilibrium method (LEM), finite element method (FEM), or smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH). Potentialities and limitations of these approaches are then tested for a large study area where huge debris avalanches affected shallow deposits of pyroclastic soils (Sarno-Quindici, Southern Italy). The numerical results show that LEM as well as uncoupled and coupled stress–strain FEM analyses are able to individuate the major triggering mechanisms. On the other hand, coupled SPH analyses outline the relevance of erosion phenomena, which can modify the kinematic features of debris avalanches in their source areas, i.e. velocity, propagation patterns and later spreading of the unstable mass. As a whole, the obtained results encourage the application of the introduced approaches to further analyse real cases in order to enhance the current capability to forecast the inception of these dangerous phenomena.

Más información

ID de Registro: 33362
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/33362/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:33362
Identificador DOI: 10.1007/s10346-012-0366-0
URL Oficial: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10346-012-0366-0
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 06 Feb 2015 16:45
Ultima Modificación: 06 Feb 2015 16:45
  • Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Sherpa-Romeo
    Compruebe si la revista anglosajona en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Dulcinea
    Compruebe si la revista española en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Recolecta
  • e-ciencia
  • Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • OpenCourseWare UPM