Advanced UAV Trajectory Generation Planning and Guidance.

Barrientos Cruz, Antonio; Gutiérrez Mier, Pedro y Colorado Montaño, Julián (2009). Advanced UAV Trajectory Generation Planning and Guidance.. En: "Aerial Vehicles". In-TECH, pp. 55-82. ISBN 978-953-7619-41-1.

Descripción

Título: Advanced UAV Trajectory Generation Planning and Guidance.
Autor/es:
  • Barrientos Cruz, Antonio
  • Gutiérrez Mier, Pedro
  • Colorado Montaño, Julián
Editor/es:
  • Mung Lam, Thanh
Tipo de Documento: Sección de Libro
Título del Libro: Aerial Vehicles
Fecha: Enero 2009
ISBN: 978-953-7619-41-1
Volumen: 1
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: UAV, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Aerial Robot
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Automática, Ingeniería Electrónica e Informática Industrial [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento

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Resumen

As technology and legislation move forward (JAA & Eurocontrol, 2004) remotely controlled, semi-autonomous or autonomous Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) will play a significant role in providing services and enhancing safety and security of the military and civilian community at large (e.g. surveillance and monitoring) (Coifman et al., 2004). The potential market for UAVs is, however, much bigger than just surveillance. UAVs are ideal for risk assessment and neutralization in dangerous areas such as war zones and regions stricken by disaster, including volcanic eruptions, wildfires, floods, and even terrorist acts. As they become more autonomous, UAVs will take on additional roles, such as air-to-air combat and even planetary science exploration (Held et al., 2005). As the operational capabilities of UAVs are developed there is a perceived need for a significant increase in their level of autonomy, performance, reliability and integration with a controlled airspace full of manned vehicles (military and civilian). As a consequence researchers working with advanced UAVs have moved their focus from system modeling and low-level control to mission planning, supervision and collision avoidance, going from vehicle constraints to mission constraints (Barrientos et al., 2006). This mission-based approach is most useful for commercial applications where the vehicle must accomplish tasks with a high level of performance and maneuverability. These tasks require flexible and powerful trajectory-generation and guidance capabilities, features lacking in many of the current commercial UAS. For this reason, the purpose of this work is to extend the capabilities of commercially available autopilots for UAVs. Civil systems typically use basic trajectory-generation algorithms, capable only of linear waypoint navigation (Rysdyk, 2003), with a minimum or non-existent control over the trajectory. These systems are highly constrained when maneuverability is a mission requirement. On the other hand, military researchers have developed algorithms for high-performance 3D path planning and obstacle avoidance (Price, 2006), but these are highly proprietary technologies that operate with different mission constraints (target acquisition, threat avoidance and situational awareness) so they cannot be used in civil scenarios.

Más información

ID de Registro: 3492
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/3492/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:3492
URL Oficial: http://intechweb.org/book.php?id=140
Depositado por: Antonio Barrientos
Depositado el: 30 Jun 2010 09:21
Ultima Modificación: 20 Abr 2016 13:03
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