Soil moisture content determines the effectiveness of the urease inhibitor NBPT on N2O emissions

Sanz Cobeña, Alberto and Ábalos Rodríguez, Diego and Meijide, Ana and Sánchez Martín, Laura and Vallejo Garcia, Antonio (2014). Soil moisture content determines the effectiveness of the urease inhibitor NBPT on N2O emissions. "Mitigation And Adaptation Strategies For Global Change" ; pp. 1-14. ISSN 1381-2386. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-014-9548-5.

Description

Title: Soil moisture content determines the effectiveness of the urease inhibitor NBPT on N2O emissions
Author/s:
  • Sanz Cobeña, Alberto
  • Ábalos Rodríguez, Diego
  • Meijide, Ana
  • Sánchez Martín, Laura
  • Vallejo Garcia, Antonio
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Mitigation And Adaptation Strategies For Global Change
Date: March 2014
ISSN: 1381-2386
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Department: Química y Tecnología de Alimentos
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Among the mitigation strategies to prevent nitrogen (N) losses from ureic fertilizers, urease inhibitors (UIs) have been demonstrated to promote high N use efficiency by reducing ammonia (NH3) volatilization. In the last few years, some field experiments have also shown its effectiveness in reducing nitrous oxide (N2O) losses from fertilized soils under conditions of low soil moisture. An incubation experiment was carried out with the aim of assessing the main biotic mechanisms behind N2O emissions once that the UIs N-(n-butyl) thiophosphoric triamid (NBPT) and phenil phosphorodiamidate (PPDA) were applied with Urea (U) under different soil moisture conditions (40, 60 and 80 % water-filled pore space, WFPS). In the same study we tried to analyze to what extent soil WFPS regulates the effect of these inhibitors on N2O emissions. The use of PPDA in our study allowed us to compare the effect of NBPT with that of another commercially available urease inhibitor, aiming to see if the results were inhibitor-specific or not. Based on the results from this experiment, a WFPS (i.e. 60 %) was chosen for a second study (i.e. mesocosm experiment) aiming to assess the efficiency of the UIs to indirectly affect N2O emissions through influencing the pool of soil mineral N. The N2O emissions at 40 % WFPS were almost negligible, being significantly lower from all fertilized treatments than that produced at 60 and 80 % WFPS. When compared to U alone, NBPT+U reduced the N2O emissions at 60 % WFPS but had no effect at 80 % WFPS. The application of PPDA significantly increased the emissions with respect to U at 80 % WFPS whereas no significant effect was found at 60 %. At 80 % WFPS, denitrification was the main source of N2O emissions for all treatments. In the mesocosm study, the application of NBPT+U was an effective strategy to reduce N2O emissions (75 % reduction compared to U alone), due to a lower soil ammonium (NH4 +) content induced by the inhibitor. These results suggest that adequate management of the UI NBPT could provide, under certain soil conditions, an opportunity for mitigation of N2O emissions from fertilized soils.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainAGL-2012-378815-C05-01UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 35240
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/35240/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:35240
DOI: 10.1007/s11027-014-9548-5
Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11027-014-9548-5
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 08 Jul 2015 14:00
Last Modified: 07 May 2019 12:18
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