State of the Art and Future Trends in Grid Codes Applicable to Isolated Electrical Systems

Merino Fernández, Julia and Mendoza-Araya, Patricio and Veganzones Nicolas, Carlos (2014). State of the Art and Future Trends in Grid Codes Applicable to Isolated Electrical Systems. "Energies", v. 7 (n. 12); pp. 7936-7954. ISSN 1996-1073. https://doi.org/10.3390/en7127936.

Description

Title: State of the Art and Future Trends in Grid Codes Applicable to Isolated Electrical Systems
Author/s:
  • Merino Fernández, Julia
  • Mendoza-Araya, Patricio
  • Veganzones Nicolas, Carlos
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Energies
Date: 27 November 2014
ISSN: 1996-1073
Volume: 7
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: grid codes, isolated electrical grid, grid disturbances
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Eléctrica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Isolated electrical systems lack electrical interconnection to other networks and are usually placed in geographically isolated areas—mainly islands or locations in developing countries. Until recently, only diesel generators were able to assure a safe and reliable supply in exchange for very high costs for fuel transportation and system operation. Transmission system operators (TSOs) are increasingly seeking to replace traditional energy models based on large groups of conventional generation units with mixed solutions where diesel groups are held as backup generation and important advantages are provided by renewable energy sources. The grid codes determine the technical requirements to be fulfilled by the generators connected in any electrical network, but regulations applied to isolated grids are more demanding. In technical literature it is rather easy to find and compare grid codes for interconnected electrical systems. However, the existing literature is incomplete and sparse regarding isolated grids. This paper aims to review the current state of isolated systems and grid codes applicable to them, specifying points of comparison and defining the guidelines to be followed by the upcoming regulations.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainENE 2009-13276UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 35665
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/35665/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:35665
DOI: 10.3390/en7127936
Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/7/12/7936
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 17 Feb 2016 11:10
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2016 09:14
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