The Use of Patents to Assess National Innovation Systems: Evidences from Spanish Biotechnology

Hidalgo Nuchera, Antonio and Penas García, Gerardo and Belda, I. and Alonso, A. and Marquina, D. and Santos, A. (2014). The Use of Patents to Assess National Innovation Systems: Evidences from Spanish Biotechnology. "Intellectual Properties Rights: Open Access", v. 2 (n. 4); pp. 1-6. ISSN 2375-4516. https://doi.org/10.4172/ipr.1000122.

Description

Title: The Use of Patents to Assess National Innovation Systems: Evidences from Spanish Biotechnology
Author/s:
  • Hidalgo Nuchera, Antonio
  • Penas García, Gerardo
  • Belda, I.
  • Alonso, A.
  • Marquina, D.
  • Santos, A.
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Intellectual Properties Rights: Open Access
Date: 4 August 2014
ISSN: 2375-4516
Volume: 2
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Public R&D funding; Biotechnology management; Patents; Science indicators; Economic crisis
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería de Organización, Administración de Empresas y Estadística
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Spain’s economy recorded a high rate of growth from the mid-1990s onwards. At the same time, the resources allocated to Research and Development (R&D) grew at a much faster pace than in other European Union (EU) countries. Spain’s growth recorded an average rate of 2.93% from the early 1990s to 2004. Over the same period, the average growth in the EU was 0.46%. This circumstance, together with several sound policy decisions implemented between 2004 and 2009, ushered in a “golden age of Spanish biotechnology”. In terms of the national patent licenses issued by the Spanish Patent and Trademark Office (SPTO) between 2004 and 2009, the number in biotechnology grew from 84 to 151. However, the current economic situation in Spain, along with a series of political decisions taken over the past two or three years to cut spending on R&D, predicts a sharp downturn in the performance of Spanish biotechnology. This scenario makes Spain one of the best places to study the successes and failures of the management of science and allows transfer this experience to the other international regions. We need to analyze the influence of political decisions as a major factor with a bearing on the quality of science. Using patents as an indicator of scientific development, this paper analyzes the evolution of the biotechnology sector in Spain and its relationship with scientific policy and the management of R&D.

More information

Item ID: 35744
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/35744/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:35744
DOI: 10.4172/ipr.1000122
Official URL: https://www.longdom.org/archive/ipr-volume-2-issue-4-year-2014.html
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 23 Feb 2016 12:39
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2019 08:52
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