Life cycle assessment as a policy-support tool: the case of taxis in the city of Madrid

Vedrenne, Michel; Pérez Rodríguez, Javier; Lumbreras Martin, Julio y Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación (2014). Life cycle assessment as a policy-support tool: the case of taxis in the city of Madrid. "Energy Policy", v. 66 ; pp. 185-197. ISSN 0301-4215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.10.073.

Descripción

Título: Life cycle assessment as a policy-support tool: the case of taxis in the city of Madrid
Autor/es:
  • Vedrenne, Michel
  • Pérez Rodríguez, Javier
  • Lumbreras Martin, Julio
  • Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Energy Policy
Fecha: Marzo 2014
Volumen: 66
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Life cycle assessment; Road traffic; Air pollution; Decision support; Policy
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

Texto completo

[img]
Vista Previa
PDF (Document Portable Format) - Se necesita un visor de ficheros PDF, como GSview, Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Descargar (927kB) | Vista Previa

Resumen

This paper examined the potentialities of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as instrument for policy-support. To this respect, the adoption of an initiative within the Madrid Air Quality Plan (AQP) 2011–2015 regarding the substitution of diesel taxis with hybrid, natural gas and LPG alternatives was studied. Four different scenarios were elaborated, a business-as-usual scenario (BAU), the scenario of the AQP, and two extreme-situation scenarios: all-diesel (ADI) and all-ecologic (AEC). Impacts were characterized according to the ILCD methodology, focusing especially on climate change (CC) and photochemical ozone formation (PO). SimaPro 7.3 was used as analysis and inventory-construction tool. The results indicate that the shift to ecologic alternatives reduced impacts, especially those related to CC and PO. For the complete life cycle, reductions of 13% (CC) and 25% (PO) were observed for AQP against BAU (CC:1365 GgCO2, PO:13336 MgNMVOC). Deeper reductions were observed for AEC (CC:34%, PO:59%), while ADI produced slight increases in impacts if against BAU. The analysis of the use-phase revealed that the central and highest speed zones of the city benefit from the adoption of AQP. This is especially evident in zone 7, with reductions of 16% in CC and 31% in PO respectively against BAU (CCzone1:3443 kgCO2/veh·km, POzone7:11.1 kgNMVOC/veh·km).

Más información

ID de Registro: 35816
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/35816/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:35816
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.10.073
URL Oficial: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513010963
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 17 Mar 2016 13:09
Ultima Modificación: 01 Sep 2017 18:04
  • Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Sherpa-Romeo
    Compruebe si la revista anglosajona en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Dulcinea
    Compruebe si la revista española en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Recolecta
  • e-ciencia
  • Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • OpenCourseWare UPM