Life cycle assessment as a policy-support tool: the case of taxis in the city of Madrid

Vedrenne, Michel and Pérez Rodríguez, Javier and Lumbreras Martin, Julio and Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación (2014). Life cycle assessment as a policy-support tool: the case of taxis in the city of Madrid. "Energy Policy", v. 66 ; pp. 185-197. ISSN 0301-4215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.10.073.

Description

Title: Life cycle assessment as a policy-support tool: the case of taxis in the city of Madrid
Author/s:
  • Vedrenne, Michel
  • Pérez Rodríguez, Javier
  • Lumbreras Martin, Julio
  • Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Energy Policy
Date: March 2014
Volume: 66
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Life cycle assessment; Road traffic; Air pollution; Decision support; Policy
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This paper examined the potentialities of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as instrument for policy-support. To this respect, the adoption of an initiative within the Madrid Air Quality Plan (AQP) 2011–2015 regarding the substitution of diesel taxis with hybrid, natural gas and LPG alternatives was studied. Four different scenarios were elaborated, a business-as-usual scenario (BAU), the scenario of the AQP, and two extreme-situation scenarios: all-diesel (ADI) and all-ecologic (AEC). Impacts were characterized according to the ILCD methodology, focusing especially on climate change (CC) and photochemical ozone formation (PO). SimaPro 7.3 was used as analysis and inventory-construction tool. The results indicate that the shift to ecologic alternatives reduced impacts, especially those related to CC and PO. For the complete life cycle, reductions of 13% (CC) and 25% (PO) were observed for AQP against BAU (CC:1365 GgCO2, PO:13336 MgNMVOC). Deeper reductions were observed for AEC (CC:34%, PO:59%), while ADI produced slight increases in impacts if against BAU. The analysis of the use-phase revealed that the central and highest speed zones of the city benefit from the adoption of AQP. This is especially evident in zone 7, with reductions of 16% in CC and 31% in PO respectively against BAU (CCzone1:3443 kgCO2/veh·km, POzone7:11.1 kgNMVOC/veh·km).

More information

Item ID: 35816
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/35816/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:35816
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.10.073
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513010963
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 17 Mar 2016 13:09
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 18:04
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