Evaluating the equity effects of road-pricing in the European urban context - The Madrid Metropolitan Area

Di Ciommo, Floridea and Lucas, Karen (2014). Evaluating the equity effects of road-pricing in the European urban context - The Madrid Metropolitan Area. "Applied Geography", v. 54 ; pp. 74-82. ISSN 0143-6228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.07.015.

Description

Title: Evaluating the equity effects of road-pricing in the European urban context - The Madrid Metropolitan Area
Author/s:
  • Di Ciommo, Floridea
  • Lucas, Karen
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Applied Geography
Date: October 2014
ISSN: 0143-6228
Volume: 54
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Road pricing; Urban context; Social equity; Spatial equity; Madrid
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The paper identifies the potential spatial and social impacts of a proposed road-pricing scheme for different social groups in the Madrid Metropolitan Area (MMA). We appraise the accessibility of different districts within the MMA in terms of the actual and perceived cost of using the road infrastructure ‘before’ and ‘after’ implementation of the scheme. The appraisal framework was developed using quantitative survey data and qualitative focus group discussions with residents. We then simulated user behaviours (mode and route choice) based on the empirical evidence from a travel demand model for the MMA. The results from our simulation model demonstrated that implementation of the toll on the orbital metropolitan motorways (M40, M30, for example) decreases accessibility mostly in the districts where there are no viable public transport alternatives. Our specific study finding is that the economic burden of the road-pricing scheme particularly affects unskilled and lower income individuals living in the south of the MMA. The focus groups confirmed that low income drivers in the south part of the MMA would reduce their use of tolled roads and have to find new arrangements for these trips: i.e. switch to public transport, spend double the time travelling or stay at home. More generally, our research finds that European transport planners are still a long way from recognising the social equity implications of their policy decisions and that more thorough social appraisals are needed to avoid the social exclusion of low income populations when road tolling is proposed.

More information

Item ID: 35866
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/35866/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:35866
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.07.015
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622814001714
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 08 Jul 2015 12:07
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2017 23:30
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