Higher levels of physical fitness are associated with a reduced risk of suffering sarcopenic obesity and better perceived health among elderly. The EXERNET multi-center study

Pedrero Chamizo, Raquel and Gómez Cabello, Antonio and Melendez Ortega, Agustin and Vila Maldonado, S. and Espino, L. and Gusi, N. and Villa, G. and Casajus, J.A. and González Gross, Marcela and Ara, I. (2015). Higher levels of physical fitness are associated with a reduced risk of suffering sarcopenic obesity and better perceived health among elderly. The EXERNET multi-center study. "The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging", v. 19 (n. 2); pp. 211-217. ISSN 1279-7707. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-014-0530-4.

Description

Title: Higher levels of physical fitness are associated with a reduced risk of suffering sarcopenic obesity and better perceived health among elderly. The EXERNET multi-center study
Author/s:
  • Pedrero Chamizo, Raquel
  • Gómez Cabello, Antonio
  • Melendez Ortega, Agustin
  • Vila Maldonado, S.
  • Espino, L.
  • Gusi, N.
  • Villa, G.
  • Casajus, J.A.
  • González Gross, Marcela
  • Ara, I.
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Date: 2015
ISSN: 1279-7707
Volume: 19
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: obesidad sarcopénica, actividad física, HRQoL, personas mayores
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Salud y Rendimiento Humano
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

Full text

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer, such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (159kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the associations between physical fitness levels, health related quality of life (HRQoL) and sarcopenic obesity (SO) and to analyze the usefulness of several physical fitness tests as a screening tool for detecting elderly people with an increased risk of suffering SO. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of a population-based sample. Setting: Non-institutionalized Spanish elderly participating in the EXERNET multi-centre study. Participants: 2747 elderly subjects aged 65 and older. Measurements: Body weight, height and body mass index were evaluated in each subject. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance. Four SO groups were created based on percentage of body fat and relative muscle mass; 1) normal group, 2) sarcopenic group, 3) obesity group and 4) SO group. Physical fitness was evaluated using 8 tests (balance, lower and upper body strength, lower and upper body flexibility, agility, walking speed and aerobic capacity). Three tertiles were created for each test based on the calculated scores. HRQoL was assessed using the EuroQol visual analogue scale. Results: Participants with SO showed lower physical fitness levels compared with normal subjects. Better balance, agility, and aerobic capacity were associated to a lower risk of suffering SO in the fittest men (odds ratio < 0.30). In women, better balance, walking speed, and aerobic capacity were associated to a lower risk of suffering SO in the fittest women (odds ratio < 0.21) Superior perceived health was associated with better physical fitness performance. Conclusions: Higher levels of physical fitness were associated with a reduced risk of suffering SO and better perceived health among elderly. SO elderly people have lower physical functional levels than healthy counterparts.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of Spain104/07UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of Spain147/2011UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 36058
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/36058/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:36058
DOI: 10.1007/s12603-014-0530-4
Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12603-014-0530-4
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 05 Apr 2016 10:20
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 14:58
  • Logo InvestigaM (UPM)
  • Logo GEOUP4
  • Logo Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Logo Sherpa/Romeo
    Check whether the anglo-saxon journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo Dulcinea
    Check whether the spanish journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo de Recolecta
  • Logo del Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • Logo de OpenCourseWare UPM