A taxonomic tool for identifying needle remains of south-western European Pinus species of the Late Quaternary

Garcia Alvarez, Salvia and Morla Juaristi, Carlos and Paull, Rosemary and Garcia Amorena, Ignacio (2014). A taxonomic tool for identifying needle remains of south-western European Pinus species of the Late Quaternary. "Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society", v. 175 ; pp. 282-298. ISSN 0024-4074. https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12166.

Description

Title: A taxonomic tool for identifying needle remains of south-western European Pinus species of the Late Quaternary
Author/s:
  • Garcia Alvarez, Salvia
  • Morla Juaristi, Carlos
  • Paull, Rosemary
  • Garcia Amorena, Ignacio
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Date: 2014
ISSN: 0024-4074
Volume: 175
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Montes (UPM)
Department: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This work provides a tool whereby the needle remains of native, south-western European Pinus spp. can be easily identified from species-specific epidermal features. To construct this tool, the needles of P. uncinata, P. sylvestris, P. nigra, P. pinaster, P. pinea and P. halepensis were gathered across the Northern Hemisphere range of each taxon and compared with non-indigenous trees growing in two South Australian Botanic Gardens. Three needles from each of these species were taken from three adult trees growing at three different localities. Light microscopy was used to observe the key epidermal and stomatal features of the needles. To improve interpretation, additional scanning electron microscopy samples were prepared. Epidermal features, including variation in the diameter of the epistomatal chamber aperture (pore), are described. A taxonomic key based on the size, shape and arrangement of the subsidiary cells of the stomatal complexes was constructed. This key enables the identification of pine needle fragments at the species level (except those belonging to the group P. gr. nigra-uncinata). Despite their overlapping range, pore size was helpful in distinguishing between P. nigra and P. uncinata and between three groups of species. Isolated stomata were also observed. Cluster and discriminant analyses of stomatal variables described in earlier studies were performed. Overlap in guard cell variables hampers species-level identification of isolated stomata. Species discrimination is improved if groups of ecological affinity are considered.

More information

Item ID: 36162
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/36162/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:36162
DOI: 10.1111/boj.12166
Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/boj.12166/abstract
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 19 Jun 2015 08:30
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2019 07:40
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