Bel Serrat, Silvia and Mouratidou, Theodora and Huybrechts, I. and Labayen, Idoia and Cuenca García, Magdalena and Palacios Le Blé, Gonzálo and Breidenassel, Christina and Molnár, Dénes and Roccaldo, Romana and Widhalm, Kurt and Gottrand, Frederic and Kafatos, Anthony and Manios, Yannis and Vyncke, Krishna and Sjöström, Michael and Libuda, Lars and Gómez Martínez, Sonia and Moreno, Luís A.
Associations between macronutrient intake and serum lipid profile depend on body fat in European adolescents: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study.
"British Journal of Nutrition", v. 112
The present study aimed to investigate the relationships between macronutrient intake and serum lipid profile in adolescents from eight European cities participating in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) cross-sectional study (2006–7), and
to assess the role of body fat-related variables in these associations. Weight, height, waist circumference, skinfold thicknesses, total choles- terol, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol, TAG, apoB and apoA1 were measured in 454 adolescents (44 % boys) aged 12·5–17·5 years. Macronutrient intake (g/4180 kJ per d (1000 kcal per d)) was assessed using two non-consecutive 24 h dietary recalls. Associations
were evaluated by multi-level analysis and adjusted for sex, age, maternal education, centre, sum of four skinfolds, moderate-to-vigorous.