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Numerical methods in Nonlinear Analysis of shell structures
Numerical methods in Nonlinear Analysis of shell structures.
"Bulletin of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures", v. 34
The design of shell and spatial structures represents an important challenge even with the use of the modern computer technology.If we concentrate in the concrete shell
structures many problems must be faced,such as the conceptual and structural disposition, optimal shape design, analysis, construction methods, details etc. and all
these problems are interconnected among them. As an example the shape optimization requires the use of several disciplines like structural analysis, sensitivity analysis,
optimization strategies and geometrical design concepts. Similar comments can be applied to other space structures such as steel trusses with single or double shape and
In relation to the analysis the Finite Element Method appears to be the most extended and versatile technique used in the practice. In the application of this method several issues arise.
First the derivation of the pertinent shell theory or alternatively the degenerated 3-D solid approach should be chosen. According to the previous election the suitable FE model has to be adopted i.e. the displacement,stress or mixed formulated element. The good behavior of the shell structures under dead loads that are carried out towards the
supports by mainly compressive stresses is impaired by the high imperfection sensitivity usually exhibited by these structures. This last effect is important particularly if large deformation and material nonlinearities of the
shell may interact unfavorably, as can be the case for thin reinforced shells. In this respect the study of the stability of the shell represents a compulsory step in the analysis.
Therefore there are currently very active fields of research such as the different descriptions of consistent nonlinear shell models given by Simo, Fox and Rifai, Mantzenmiller and Buchter and Ramm among others, the
consistent formulation of efficient tangent stiffness as the one presented by Ortiz and Schweizerhof and Wringgers, with application to concrete shells exhibiting creep behavior given by Scordelis and coworkers; and finally
the development of numerical techniques needed to trace the nonlinear response of the structure.
The objective of this paper is concentrated in the last research aspect i.e. in the presentation of a state-of-the-art on the existing solution techniques for nonlinear
analysis of structures. In this presentation the following excellent reviews on this subject will be mainly used.
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