Strategies for Minimum Distance in Simulated Evacuation of Transport Airplanes

Martinez-Val Peñalosa, Rodrigo and Hedo Rodríguez, José Manuel and Hernández, Carlos (1998). Strategies for Minimum Distance in Simulated Evacuation of Transport Airplanes. In: "21st Congress of International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences", 13-18 September, 1998, Melbourne, Australia. pp. 1-18.

Description

Title: Strategies for Minimum Distance in Simulated Evacuation of Transport Airplanes
Author/s:
  • Martinez-Val Peñalosa, Rodrigo
  • Hedo Rodríguez, José Manuel
  • Hernández, Carlos
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 21st Congress of International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences
Event Dates: 13-18 September, 1998
Event Location: Melbourne, Australia
Title of Book: ICAS Technical Proceedings on CD-ROM. Paper ICAS-98-6.7.5
Date: 1998
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM)
Department: Aeronaves y Vehículos Espaciales
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

Full text

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer, such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

The present paper describes the preliminary stages of the development of a new, comprehensive model conceived to simulate the evacuation of transport airplanes in certification studies. Two previous steps were devoted to implementing an efficient procedure to define the whole geometry of the cabin, and setting up an algorithm for assigning seats to available exits. Now, to clarify the role of the cabin arrangement in the evacuation process, the paper addresses the influence of several restrictions on the seat-to-exit assignment algorithm, maintaining a purely geometrical approach for consistency. Four situations are considered: first, an assignment method without limitations to search the minimum for the total distance run by all passengers along their escaping paths; second, a protocol that restricts the number of evacuees through each exit according to updated FAR 25 capacity; third, a procedure which tends to the best proportional sharing among exits but obliges to each passenger to egress through the nearest fore or rear exits; and fourth, a scenario which includes both restrictions. The four assignment strategies are applied to turboprops, and narrow body and wide body jets. Seat to exit distance and number of evacuees per exit are the main output variables. The results show the influence of airplane size and the impact of non-symmetries and inappropriate matching between size and longitudinal location of exits.

More information

Item ID: 36243
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/36243/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:36243
Official URL: http://www.icas.org/ICAS_ARCHIVE/ICAS1998/ABSTRACTS/675.HTM
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 13 Jul 2015 16:12
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2015 16:12
  • Logo InvestigaM (UPM)
  • Logo GEOUP4
  • Logo Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Logo Sherpa/Romeo
    Check whether the anglo-saxon journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo Dulcinea
    Check whether the spanish journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo de Recolecta
  • Logo del Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • Logo de OpenCourseWare UPM