Strategies for Minimum Distance in Simulated Evacuation of Transport Airplanes

Martinez-Val Peñalosa, Rodrigo; Hedo Rodríguez, José Manuel y Hernández, Carlos (1998). Strategies for Minimum Distance in Simulated Evacuation of Transport Airplanes. En: "21st Congress of International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences", 13-18 September, 1998, Melbourne, Australia. pp. 1-18.

Descripción

Título: Strategies for Minimum Distance in Simulated Evacuation of Transport Airplanes
Autor/es:
  • Martinez-Val Peñalosa, Rodrigo
  • Hedo Rodríguez, José Manuel
  • Hernández, Carlos
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: 21st Congress of International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences
Fechas del Evento: 13-18 September, 1998
Lugar del Evento: Melbourne, Australia
Título del Libro: ICAS Technical Proceedings on CD-ROM. Paper ICAS-98-6.7.5
Fecha: 1998
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Aeronaves y Vehículos Espaciales
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The present paper describes the preliminary stages of the development of a new, comprehensive model conceived to simulate the evacuation of transport airplanes in certification studies. Two previous steps were devoted to implementing an efficient procedure to define the whole geometry of the cabin, and setting up an algorithm for assigning seats to available exits. Now, to clarify the role of the cabin arrangement in the evacuation process, the paper addresses the influence of several restrictions on the seat-to-exit assignment algorithm, maintaining a purely geometrical approach for consistency. Four situations are considered: first, an assignment method without limitations to search the minimum for the total distance run by all passengers along their escaping paths; second, a protocol that restricts the number of evacuees through each exit according to updated FAR 25 capacity; third, a procedure which tends to the best proportional sharing among exits but obliges to each passenger to egress through the nearest fore or rear exits; and fourth, a scenario which includes both restrictions. The four assignment strategies are applied to turboprops, and narrow body and wide body jets. Seat to exit distance and number of evacuees per exit are the main output variables. The results show the influence of airplane size and the impact of non-symmetries and inappropriate matching between size and longitudinal location of exits.

Más información

ID de Registro: 36243
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/36243/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:36243
URL Oficial: http://www.icas.org/ICAS_ARCHIVE/ICAS1998/ABSTRACTS/675.HTM
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 13 Jul 2015 16:12
Ultima Modificación: 13 Jul 2015 16:12
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