Effectiveness of improved cookstoves to reduce indoor air pollution in developing countries. The case of the Cassamance Natural Subregion, Western Africa

Sota, Candela de la; Lumbreras Martin, Julio; Mazorra Aguiar, Javier; Narros Sierra, Adolfo; Fernández, Luz y Borge García, Rafael (2014). Effectiveness of improved cookstoves to reduce indoor air pollution in developing countries. The case of the Cassamance Natural Subregion, Western Africa. En: "3rd International Conference on Pollution and Treatment Technology (PTT 2014)", Jan.12-14, 2014, Shenzhen, China. pp. 1-5.

Descripción

Título: Effectiveness of improved cookstoves to reduce indoor air pollution in developing countries. The case of the Cassamance Natural Subregion, Western Africa
Autor/es:
  • Sota, Candela de la
  • Lumbreras Martin, Julio
  • Mazorra Aguiar, Javier
  • Narros Sierra, Adolfo
  • Fernández, Luz
  • Borge García, Rafael
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: 3rd International Conference on Pollution and Treatment Technology (PTT 2014)
Fechas del Evento: Jan.12-14, 2014
Lugar del Evento: Shenzhen, China
Título del Libro: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Pollution and Treatment Technology (PTT 2014)
Fecha: 2014
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: indoor air pollution; improved cookstoves; biomass burning; health effectis; Western Africa
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

Texto completo

[img]
Vista Previa
PDF (Document Portable Format) - Se necesita un visor de ficheros PDF, como GSview, Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Descargar (333kB) | Vista Previa

Resumen

The Spanish NGO "Alianza por la Solidaridad" has installed improved cookstoves in 3000 households during 2012 and 2013 to improve energy efficiency reducing fuelwood consumption and to improve indoor air quality. The type of cookstoves were Noflaye Jeeg and Noflaye Jaboot and were installed in the Cassamance Natural Subregion covering part of Senegal, The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau. The Technical University of Madrid (UPM) has conducted a field study on a sample of these households to assess the effect of improved cookstoves on kitchen air quality. Measurements of carbon monoxide (CO) and fine particle matter (PM2.5) were taken for 24-hr period before and after the installation of improved cookstoves. The 24-hr mean CO concentrations were lower than the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for Guinea-Bissau but higher for Senegal and Gambia, even after the installation of improved cookstoves. As for PM2.5 concentrations, 24-hr mean were always higher than these guidelines. However, improved cookstoves produced significant reductions on 24-hr mean CO and PM2.5 concentrations in Senegal and for mean and maximum PM2.5 concentration on Gambia. Although this variability needs to be explained by further research to determine which other factors could affect indoor air pollution, the study provided a better understanding of the problem and envisaged alternatives to be implemented in future phases of the NGO project.

Más información

ID de Registro: 36690
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/36690/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:36690
URL Oficial: http://www.engii.org/workshop/PTT2014January/Home.aspx
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 04 Abr 2016 10:23
Ultima Modificación: 18 Ene 2017 10:09
  • Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Sherpa-Romeo
    Compruebe si la revista anglosajona en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Dulcinea
    Compruebe si la revista española en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Recolecta
  • e-ciencia
  • Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • OpenCourseWare UPM